Early social and emotional communication in the infant siblings of children with autism spectrum disorders: An examination of the broad phenotype

Tricia D. Cassel, Daniel S Messinger, Lisa V. Ibanez, John D. Haltigan, Susan I. Acosta, Albert C. Buchman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

121 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Infants with older siblings with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD-sibs) are at risk for socioemotional difficulties. ASD-sibs were compared to infants with typically developing older siblings (TD-sibs) using the face-to-face/still-face (FFSF) at 6 months and the Early Social Communication Scale (ESCS) at 8, 10, 12, 15, and/or 18 months. ASD-sibs smiled for a lower proportion of the FFSF than TD-sibs and lacked emotional continuity between episodes. With respect to TD-sibs, ASD-sibs engaged in lower rates of initiating joint attention at 15 months, lower rates of higher-level behavioral requests at 12 months, and responded to fewer joint attention bids at 18 months. The results suggest subtle, inconsistent, but multi-faceted deficits in emotional expression and referential communication in infants at-risk for ASDs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)122-132
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007

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Siblings
Communication
Phenotype
Autism Spectrum Disorder

Keywords

  • At-risk
  • Autism spectrum disorders
  • Emotion
  • Facial expressions
  • Joint attention
  • Siblings

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Early social and emotional communication in the infant siblings of children with autism spectrum disorders : An examination of the broad phenotype. / Cassel, Tricia D.; Messinger, Daniel S; Ibanez, Lisa V.; Haltigan, John D.; Acosta, Susan I.; Buchman, Albert C.

In: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, Vol. 37, No. 1, 01.01.2007, p. 122-132.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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