Early post-transplant survival: Interaction of MELD score and hospitalization status

Therese Bittermann, George Makar, David S. Goldberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background & Aims Urgency-based allocation that relies on the MELD score prioritizes patients at the highest risk of waitlist mortality. However, identifying patients at greatest risk for short-term post-transplant mortality is needed in order to optimize the potential gains in overall survival obtained through improved long-term management of transplant recipients. There are limited data on the predictive ability of MELD score for early post-transplant mortality, and no data assessing the interaction between MELD score and hospitalization status. Methods We analyzed UNOS data from 2002 to 2013 on 50,838 non-status 1 single-organ liver transplant recipients and fit multivariable logistic models to evaluate the association and interaction between MELD score and pre-transplant hospitalization status on short-term post-transplant mortality. Results There was a significant interaction (p <0.01) between laboratory MELD score and hospitalization status on three-, six-, and 12-month post-transplant mortality in multivariable logistic models. This interaction was most pronounced in patients with a laboratory MELD score <25 transplanted from an ICU, whose adjusted predicted three-, six-, and 12-month post-transplant mortality approximated those of patients with a MELD score ≥30. Compared to hospitalized patients with a MELD score of 30-34, those with a MELD score ≥35 in an ICU had significantly increased risk of three-month (OR: 1.54, 95% CI: 1.21-1.97), 6-month (OR: 1.35, 95% CI: 1.09-1.67), and 12-month (OR: 1.25, 95% CI: 1.03-1.52) post-transplant mortality. Discussion Pre-transplant ICU status modifies the risk of early post-transplant mortality, independent of MELD score. This should be considered when determining candidacy for transplantation in order to optimize efficient use of a scarce resource.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5636
Pages (from-to)601-608
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Hepatology
Volume63
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Intensive care unit
  • MELD score
  • Short-term mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology

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