Objective: The purpose of this controlled laboratory study was to determine the efficacy of Interleukin-1 Receptor Antagonist Protein (IRAP) treatment as an early intervention strategy by examining the changes in microRNA and mRNA expression in cartilage in an ex-vivo porcine knee joint impact model. Methods: Custom impact device was used to create replicable injury ex-vivo to intact porcine knee joint. Injury was caused by dropping a 10 kg weight one time from 1 m directly above the knee in extension. One hour after impact 20 μg/ml IRAP solution was intra-articularly injected. At 8 h post-injury, cartilage samples were harvested for cell viability and genetic expression analysis. Genetic expression of miR-27b, miR-140, miR-125b, ADAMTS-4, ADAMTS-5, MMP-3, IL-1β, and TNF-α were analyzed by RT-PCR. Cell viability image analysis was performed using ImageJ software. Groups were compared by analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Tukey's post-hoc test. A P-value <0.05 was considered significant. Results: At 8 h after IRAP treatment, expressions of ADAMTS-4, ADAMTS-5, MMP-3, IL-1β, and TNF-α in cartilage were significantly down-regulated from injury group (all P < 0.001). MiR-140, miR-125b, and miR-27b expressions were significantly up-regulated after treatment as compared to control and injury groups (all P < 0.001). Conclusion: This study demonstrates that IRAP treatment administered during acute phase of cartilage impact injury increases expression levels of miR-140, miR-125b, and miR-27b in cartilage, indicating increased inhibition of their respective matrix-degrading enzymes. Clinically, these findings support the potential of IRAP treatment as an early intervention strategy for the prevention of cartilage degeneration after impact injury.
- Impact injury
- Post-traumatic osteoarthritis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine