Dysplastic lipoma: potential diagnostic pitfall of using MDM2 RNA in situ hybridization to distinguish between lipoma and atypical lipomatous tumor

Yin P. Hung, Michael Michal, Adrian M. Dubuc, Andrew E. Rosenberg, G. Petur Nielsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The distinction between lipoma and atypical lipomatous tumor can be challenging in some cases. While detection of MDM2 gene amplification via fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) has been well established as a diagnostic tool to distinguish atypical lipomatous tumor and well-differentiated liposarcoma from benign mimics, MDM2 RNA in situ hybridization (RNA-ISH) has recently been proposed as an alternative diagnostic assay. During clinical workup for lipomatous tumors using MDM2 RNA-ISH, we noticed several dysplastic lipomas that were positive for MDM2 RNA-ISH but negative for MDM2 amplification by FISH. In this study, we examined a series of 11 dysplastic lipomas, all confirmed to be negative for MDM2 amplification by FISH. Positive MDM2 RNA-ISH was noted in 10 (91%) dysplastic lipomas. Single-nucleotide polymorphism array on one dysplastic lipoma identified the presence of homozygous deletion of 13q, including the RB1 gene locus with no evidence of MDM2 copy number gain. Our findings on the discordance between MDM2 FISH and MDM2 RNA-ISH highlight the potential utility and pitfalls of using MDM2 RNA-ISH in the distinction of atypical lipomatous tumor and related liposarcomas from dysplastic lipoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-57
Number of pages5
JournalHuman pathology
Volume101
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anisometric lipoma
  • Atypical lipomatous tumor
  • Dysplastic lipoma
  • In situ hybridization
  • MDM2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Dysplastic lipoma: potential diagnostic pitfall of using MDM2 RNA in situ hybridization to distinguish between lipoma and atypical lipomatous tumor'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this