We have identified a GRAP variant (c.311A>T; p.Gln104Leu) cose-gregating with autosomal recessive nonsyndromic deafness in two unrelated families. GRAP encodes a member of the highly conserved growth factor receptor-bound protein 2 (GRB2)/Sem-5/drk family of proteins, which are involved in Ras signaling; however, the function of the growth factor receptor-bound protein 2 (GRB2)-related adaptor protein (GRAP) in the auditory system is not known. Here, we show that, in mouse, Grap is expressed in the inner ear and the protein localizes to the neuronal fibers innervating cochlear and utricular auditory hair cells. Downstream of receptor kinase (drk), the Drosophila homolog of human GRAP, is expressed in Johnston’s organ (JO), the fly hearing organ, and the loss of drk in JO causes scolopidium abnormalities. drk mutant flies present deficits in negative geotaxis behavior, which can be suppressed by human wild-type but not mutant GRAP. Furthermore, drk specifically colocalizes with synapsin at synapses, suggesting a potential role of such adaptor proteins in regulating actin cytoskeleton dynamics in the nervous system. Our findings establish a causative link between GRAP mutation and nonsyndromic deafness and suggest a function of GRAP/drk in hearing.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Jan 22 2019|
- Adaptor proteins
- Nonsyndromic hearing loss
ASJC Scopus subject areas