Dynamics of Crown and Lariat Ether Cation Complexation Assessed by 13C NMR Relaxation Times

Luis Echegoyen, Angel Kaifer, H. Durst, Luis Echegoyen, George W. Gokel, Rose Ann Schultz, Dennis M. Dishong, Deepa M. Goli, George W. Gokel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Scopus citations


13C NMR longitudinal relaxation times (T1s) have been determined for 15-crown-5, 18-crown-6, and several C-and N-pivot lariat ethers in the absence and presence of Na+, K+, and Ca2+ cations. The C-pivot compounds are 2-substituted 15-crown-5 derivatives as follows, in which Me = CH3 and E = CH2CH2: 1, CH2O-n-Pr; 2, CH2OEOMe; 3, CH2OC6H4-2-OMe; 4, CH2OC6H4-4-OMe. The N-substituted monoaza-15-crown-5 derivatives are as follows: 5, Me; 6, n-Bu; 7, EOMe; 8, EOEOMe. The N-substituted monoaza-18-crown-6 derivatives are as follows: 9, EOMe; 10, EOEOMe. The relaxation time data are used to assess structural changes which accompany cation complexation, the degree of macroring vs. sidearm participation, and the effect of cation charge on the complexation process. In general, the C-pivot lariat ethers (1-4) appear to rely more strongly on the macroring for complexation of cations than do the N-pivot compounds (7-10) except when donor groups are absent from the sidearm (5, 6). For N-pivot lariat ethers 8 and 9, the result of Ca2+ complexation is a rigid, cryptate-like structure in solution, suggesting that Ca2+ plays a very strong organizing role on the ligand structure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5100-5103
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number18
StatePublished - Aug 1 1984
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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