Dynamic factor analysis of worldviews/religious beliefs and well-being among older adults

Jungmeen Kim, John R. Nesselroade, Michael E. McCullough

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Intraindividual patterns of time-lagged relationships among self-reports of worldviews/religious beliefs, self-concept, and physical and psychological well-being were investigated. Participants were older adults (mean age = 77 years) who were measured weekly covering a total of 25 weeks. Dynamic Factor Models were fitted to multivariate repeated measures data pooled over subsets of participants. The results showed significant time-lagged cross-factor relationships suggesting that worldviews/religious beliefs had a significant direct effect on self-concept and physical health over 2 weeks. For each factor series, there were substantial autoregressive effects indicating persisting effects of factors on themselves over 1 or 2 weeks. A link between worldviews/religious beliefs and physical health was found in the time-lagged structure of within-person variability. The findings underscore the need to study both intraindividual change and interindividual differences in intraindividual variability to obtain a better understanding of behavior and behavioral development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-100
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Adult Development
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2009

Keywords

  • Dynamic factor analysis
  • Intraindividual variability
  • Well-being
  • Worldviews/religious beliefs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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