Dynamic alterations of the extracellular environment of ovarian surface epithelial cells in premalignant transformation, tumorigenicity, and metastasis

Callinice D. Capo-Chichi, Elizabeth R. Smith, Dong Hua Yang, Isabelle H. Roland, Lisa Vanderveer, Cynthia Cohen, Thomas C. Hamilton, Andrew K. Godwin, Xiangxi Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND. Ovarian surface epithelial cells are positionally organized as a single cell layer by a sheet of basement membrane. It is believed that the contact of the ovarian surface epithelial cells with the basement membrane regulates cell growth and ensures the organization of the epithelium. Disabled-2 (Dab2), a signal transduction protein and a candidate tumor suppressor of ovarian carcinoma, functions in positional organization of ovarian surface epithelial cells. In ovarian carcinomas, genetic and epigenetic changes enable the tumor cells to escape positional control and proliferate in a disorganized fashion. Alterations in the extracellular environment may also be critical for tumor initiation and progression. METHODS. We analyzed and compared the presence of collagen IV and laminin, the scaffold proteins of the basement membrane, and Dab2 in 50 ovarian tumors that are restricted to the ovaries and in 50 metastases of ovarian tumors by immunohistochemistry. Expression of collagen IV, laminin, and Dab2 was also analyzed by Northern blotting in a panel of human ovarian surface epithelial and cancer cell lines. RESULTS. The basement membrane is often absent in morphologically benign ovarian surface and cyst epithelium and low-grade tumors and collagen IV and laminin are absent in the extracellular matrix of most of the primary tumors tested. Of the 50 ovarian tumors confined to the ovaries, 6% (3 of 50) were collagen IV positive and 24% (12 of 50) were laminin positive tumors. Of the 50 metastatic tumors, 16% (8 of 50) are collagen IV positive and 86% (43 of 50) are laminin positive. In addition, even in the metastatic ovarian tumors that are largely collagen IV negative, there are pockets of local areas in which the tumor cells are surrounded by collagen IV-positive staining. Dab2 is absent in the majority of ovarian tumors found in both ovaries and metastatic sites. In both nontumorigenic human ovarian surface epithelial and cancer cell lines, collagen IV, laminin, and Dab2 are expressed aberrantly. CONCLUSIONS. Loss of the basement membrane may be an early event in the preneoplastic transformation of ovarian surface epithelium and in the early stages of tumorigenesis before tumor invasion and metastasis. The majority of primary ovarian tumors examined lack collagen IV and laminin in their extracellular matrix. However, expression of laminin is restored in the majority of metastatic tumors. Reexpression of collagen IV may also contribute to tumor metastasis. The ability of tumor cells to dynamically alter the expression of collagen IV and laminin may facilitate the shedding of cancer cells into the peritoneal spaces and subsequent attachment to the metastatic sites. We propose that loss of collagen IV and laminin may be an initial event in ovarian tumorigenicity and that restoration of collagen IV and laminin expression in the later stages of tumor development may promote metastasis of ovarian tumors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1802-1815
Number of pages14
JournalCancer
Volume95
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Epithelial Cells
Neoplasm Metastasis
Laminin
Collagen
Neoplasms
Basement Membrane
Ovary
Epithelium
Extracellular Matrix
Carcinoma
Cell Line
Ovarian Cysts
Epigenomics
Northern Blotting
Signal Transduction
Carcinogenesis
Proteins

Keywords

  • Basement membrane
  • Cell positioning and organization
  • Collagen IV
  • Disabled-2 (Dab2)
  • Epithelium
  • Extracellular matrix
  • Laminin
  • Metastasis
  • Ovarian carcinoma
  • Premalignant lesion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Cite this

Dynamic alterations of the extracellular environment of ovarian surface epithelial cells in premalignant transformation, tumorigenicity, and metastasis. / Capo-Chichi, Callinice D.; Smith, Elizabeth R.; Yang, Dong Hua; Roland, Isabelle H.; Vanderveer, Lisa; Cohen, Cynthia; Hamilton, Thomas C.; Godwin, Andrew K.; Xu, Xiangxi.

In: Cancer, Vol. 95, No. 8, 15.10.2002, p. 1802-1815.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Capo-Chichi, CD, Smith, ER, Yang, DH, Roland, IH, Vanderveer, L, Cohen, C, Hamilton, TC, Godwin, AK & Xu, X 2002, 'Dynamic alterations of the extracellular environment of ovarian surface epithelial cells in premalignant transformation, tumorigenicity, and metastasis', Cancer, vol. 95, no. 8, pp. 1802-1815. https://doi.org/10.1002/cncr.10870
Capo-Chichi, Callinice D. ; Smith, Elizabeth R. ; Yang, Dong Hua ; Roland, Isabelle H. ; Vanderveer, Lisa ; Cohen, Cynthia ; Hamilton, Thomas C. ; Godwin, Andrew K. ; Xu, Xiangxi. / Dynamic alterations of the extracellular environment of ovarian surface epithelial cells in premalignant transformation, tumorigenicity, and metastasis. In: Cancer. 2002 ; Vol. 95, No. 8. pp. 1802-1815.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND. Ovarian surface epithelial cells are positionally organized as a single cell layer by a sheet of basement membrane. It is believed that the contact of the ovarian surface epithelial cells with the basement membrane regulates cell growth and ensures the organization of the epithelium. Disabled-2 (Dab2), a signal transduction protein and a candidate tumor suppressor of ovarian carcinoma, functions in positional organization of ovarian surface epithelial cells. In ovarian carcinomas, genetic and epigenetic changes enable the tumor cells to escape positional control and proliferate in a disorganized fashion. Alterations in the extracellular environment may also be critical for tumor initiation and progression. METHODS. We analyzed and compared the presence of collagen IV and laminin, the scaffold proteins of the basement membrane, and Dab2 in 50 ovarian tumors that are restricted to the ovaries and in 50 metastases of ovarian tumors by immunohistochemistry. Expression of collagen IV, laminin, and Dab2 was also analyzed by Northern blotting in a panel of human ovarian surface epithelial and cancer cell lines. RESULTS. The basement membrane is often absent in morphologically benign ovarian surface and cyst epithelium and low-grade tumors and collagen IV and laminin are absent in the extracellular matrix of most of the primary tumors tested. Of the 50 ovarian tumors confined to the ovaries, 6{\%} (3 of 50) were collagen IV positive and 24{\%} (12 of 50) were laminin positive tumors. Of the 50 metastatic tumors, 16{\%} (8 of 50) are collagen IV positive and 86{\%} (43 of 50) are laminin positive. In addition, even in the metastatic ovarian tumors that are largely collagen IV negative, there are pockets of local areas in which the tumor cells are surrounded by collagen IV-positive staining. Dab2 is absent in the majority of ovarian tumors found in both ovaries and metastatic sites. In both nontumorigenic human ovarian surface epithelial and cancer cell lines, collagen IV, laminin, and Dab2 are expressed aberrantly. CONCLUSIONS. Loss of the basement membrane may be an early event in the preneoplastic transformation of ovarian surface epithelium and in the early stages of tumorigenesis before tumor invasion and metastasis. The majority of primary ovarian tumors examined lack collagen IV and laminin in their extracellular matrix. However, expression of laminin is restored in the majority of metastatic tumors. Reexpression of collagen IV may also contribute to tumor metastasis. The ability of tumor cells to dynamically alter the expression of collagen IV and laminin may facilitate the shedding of cancer cells into the peritoneal spaces and subsequent attachment to the metastatic sites. We propose that loss of collagen IV and laminin may be an initial event in ovarian tumorigenicity and that restoration of collagen IV and laminin expression in the later stages of tumor development may promote metastasis of ovarian tumors.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Dynamic alterations of the extracellular environment of ovarian surface epithelial cells in premalignant transformation, tumorigenicity, and metastasis

AU - Capo-Chichi, Callinice D.

AU - Smith, Elizabeth R.

AU - Yang, Dong Hua

AU - Roland, Isabelle H.

AU - Vanderveer, Lisa

AU - Cohen, Cynthia

AU - Hamilton, Thomas C.

AU - Godwin, Andrew K.

AU - Xu, Xiangxi

PY - 2002/10/15

Y1 - 2002/10/15

N2 - BACKGROUND. Ovarian surface epithelial cells are positionally organized as a single cell layer by a sheet of basement membrane. It is believed that the contact of the ovarian surface epithelial cells with the basement membrane regulates cell growth and ensures the organization of the epithelium. Disabled-2 (Dab2), a signal transduction protein and a candidate tumor suppressor of ovarian carcinoma, functions in positional organization of ovarian surface epithelial cells. In ovarian carcinomas, genetic and epigenetic changes enable the tumor cells to escape positional control and proliferate in a disorganized fashion. Alterations in the extracellular environment may also be critical for tumor initiation and progression. METHODS. We analyzed and compared the presence of collagen IV and laminin, the scaffold proteins of the basement membrane, and Dab2 in 50 ovarian tumors that are restricted to the ovaries and in 50 metastases of ovarian tumors by immunohistochemistry. Expression of collagen IV, laminin, and Dab2 was also analyzed by Northern blotting in a panel of human ovarian surface epithelial and cancer cell lines. RESULTS. The basement membrane is often absent in morphologically benign ovarian surface and cyst epithelium and low-grade tumors and collagen IV and laminin are absent in the extracellular matrix of most of the primary tumors tested. Of the 50 ovarian tumors confined to the ovaries, 6% (3 of 50) were collagen IV positive and 24% (12 of 50) were laminin positive tumors. Of the 50 metastatic tumors, 16% (8 of 50) are collagen IV positive and 86% (43 of 50) are laminin positive. In addition, even in the metastatic ovarian tumors that are largely collagen IV negative, there are pockets of local areas in which the tumor cells are surrounded by collagen IV-positive staining. Dab2 is absent in the majority of ovarian tumors found in both ovaries and metastatic sites. In both nontumorigenic human ovarian surface epithelial and cancer cell lines, collagen IV, laminin, and Dab2 are expressed aberrantly. CONCLUSIONS. Loss of the basement membrane may be an early event in the preneoplastic transformation of ovarian surface epithelium and in the early stages of tumorigenesis before tumor invasion and metastasis. The majority of primary ovarian tumors examined lack collagen IV and laminin in their extracellular matrix. However, expression of laminin is restored in the majority of metastatic tumors. Reexpression of collagen IV may also contribute to tumor metastasis. The ability of tumor cells to dynamically alter the expression of collagen IV and laminin may facilitate the shedding of cancer cells into the peritoneal spaces and subsequent attachment to the metastatic sites. We propose that loss of collagen IV and laminin may be an initial event in ovarian tumorigenicity and that restoration of collagen IV and laminin expression in the later stages of tumor development may promote metastasis of ovarian tumors.

AB - BACKGROUND. Ovarian surface epithelial cells are positionally organized as a single cell layer by a sheet of basement membrane. It is believed that the contact of the ovarian surface epithelial cells with the basement membrane regulates cell growth and ensures the organization of the epithelium. Disabled-2 (Dab2), a signal transduction protein and a candidate tumor suppressor of ovarian carcinoma, functions in positional organization of ovarian surface epithelial cells. In ovarian carcinomas, genetic and epigenetic changes enable the tumor cells to escape positional control and proliferate in a disorganized fashion. Alterations in the extracellular environment may also be critical for tumor initiation and progression. METHODS. We analyzed and compared the presence of collagen IV and laminin, the scaffold proteins of the basement membrane, and Dab2 in 50 ovarian tumors that are restricted to the ovaries and in 50 metastases of ovarian tumors by immunohistochemistry. Expression of collagen IV, laminin, and Dab2 was also analyzed by Northern blotting in a panel of human ovarian surface epithelial and cancer cell lines. RESULTS. The basement membrane is often absent in morphologically benign ovarian surface and cyst epithelium and low-grade tumors and collagen IV and laminin are absent in the extracellular matrix of most of the primary tumors tested. Of the 50 ovarian tumors confined to the ovaries, 6% (3 of 50) were collagen IV positive and 24% (12 of 50) were laminin positive tumors. Of the 50 metastatic tumors, 16% (8 of 50) are collagen IV positive and 86% (43 of 50) are laminin positive. In addition, even in the metastatic ovarian tumors that are largely collagen IV negative, there are pockets of local areas in which the tumor cells are surrounded by collagen IV-positive staining. Dab2 is absent in the majority of ovarian tumors found in both ovaries and metastatic sites. In both nontumorigenic human ovarian surface epithelial and cancer cell lines, collagen IV, laminin, and Dab2 are expressed aberrantly. CONCLUSIONS. Loss of the basement membrane may be an early event in the preneoplastic transformation of ovarian surface epithelium and in the early stages of tumorigenesis before tumor invasion and metastasis. The majority of primary ovarian tumors examined lack collagen IV and laminin in their extracellular matrix. However, expression of laminin is restored in the majority of metastatic tumors. Reexpression of collagen IV may also contribute to tumor metastasis. The ability of tumor cells to dynamically alter the expression of collagen IV and laminin may facilitate the shedding of cancer cells into the peritoneal spaces and subsequent attachment to the metastatic sites. We propose that loss of collagen IV and laminin may be an initial event in ovarian tumorigenicity and that restoration of collagen IV and laminin expression in the later stages of tumor development may promote metastasis of ovarian tumors.

KW - Basement membrane

KW - Cell positioning and organization

KW - Collagen IV

KW - Disabled-2 (Dab2)

KW - Epithelium

KW - Extracellular matrix

KW - Laminin

KW - Metastasis

KW - Ovarian carcinoma

KW - Premalignant lesion

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