Dyadic analysis of criminal justice involvement and hiv risks among couples who inject drugs and their intimate partners in almaty, kazakhstan

Phillip L. Marotta, Assel Terlikbayeva, Louisa Gilbert, Alissa Davis, Elwin Wu, Lisa Metsch, Dan Feaster, Nabila El-Bassel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Incarceration increases HIV risk behaviors and strains intimate partnerships of couples of people who inject drugs (PWID) in Kazakhstan. Studies are yet to examine dyadic relationships between criminal justice involvement and injection drug and sexual HIV risk behaviors of couples who inject drugs in Kazakhstan. This study examined associations between individual and partner level criminal justice involvement and injection drug and sexual HIV risk behaviors among 216 intimate dyads (n = 432) of PWID in Almaty, Kazakhstan. Methods: The Actor Partner Interdependence Model (APIM) using structural equation modeling examined individual (actor), partner and dyadic patterns (actor-partner) of associations between arrest, incarceration and drug crime conviction of dyads of male and female intimate partners of PWID using baseline data from Project Renaissance, a couples-focused HIV prevention intervention for PWID and their intimate partners. Results: Results from the APIM identified significant associations between lifetime (β=0.10, CI95%=0.01.20, p=.021) and recent (β=0.12, CI95%=0.01.26, p=.045) arrest and increased risk of injection drug use with any partner for female partners. Partner-only effects were identified in which male PWID's recent arrest was associated with an increase in their study partners’ injection drug risk behaviors (β=0.10 CI95%=0.02, 0.20, p=.044). For female partners, prior incarceration was associated with increased engagement in injection drug risk behaviors (β=0.10 CI95% =0.02, 0.20, p=.035) with any partner. For male partners’ prior incarceration was associated with injection drug risk behaviors with their study partners (β=0.10 CI95%= 0.02, 0.20. p<.05). Female partners prior drug crime conviction was associated with their own (β=0.14 CI95%=0.01, 0.28, p=.048) and their intimate partners’ (β=0.18, CI95%=0.03, 0.33, p=.024) engagement in injection drug risk behaviors with any injecting partner. Recent drug crime conviction (β=0.12, CI95%=0.01, 0.24, p=.038) and arrest (β=0.13, CI95%, p=.022) was associated with increased engagement in sexual risk behaviors among female partners. Conclusion: Findings from this study identified differences in how criminal justice involvement impacts sexual and injection drug and sexual risk behaviors between male and female partners of PWID. Future research must investigate how structural interventions at the dyadic level could address the negative impact of criminal justice involvement on sexual and injection drug HIV risks within the contexts of couples who are PWID.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number102950
JournalInternational Journal of Drug Policy
Volume87
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health Policy

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