Apoptosis has been suggested to be one of the major mechanisms of depletion of CD4+ T cells in HIV-1-infected individuals. Remarkably, HIV-I-infected cells appear protected from apoptosis, whereas bystander cells show increased apoptosis in lymph nodes of infected individuals. In this work, we present evidence that the trans-activating protein of HIV-1, Tat, has a dual role in regulation of apoptosis in T cells. While addition of exogenous Tat protein induced apoptosis in uninfected T cells, T cell clones stably expressing the Tat protein were protected from activation-induced apoptosis. The addition of exogenous Tat potentiated anti-CD3 mAb, anti-Fas IgM mAb, and TNF-α-induced apoptosis of T cells. Pretreatment of Tat with anti-Tat Ab abrogated Tat-induced apoptosis, but did not affect anti-Fas IgM Ab-induced apoptosis. Endogenously expressed Tat was analyzed in Jurkat T cell clones transfected with either full-length tat gene (101 amino acids), or in control cells containing an empty vector. The Tat101 -transfected clones were resistant to anti-CD3-induced apoptosis, when compared with cells transfected with vector alone. Furthermore, cross-linking of CD4 molecules on T cells with gp160 and anti-gp160 Ab showed markedly decreased apoptosis in Tat101 cells compared with that induced in cells transfected with vector alone. Taken together, our results indicate that HIV-1 Tat can regulate apoptosis that may contribute to the immunopathogenesis of AIDS.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 15 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy