The incidence and significance of dual atrioventricular (A-V) nodal pathways are described in 78 children with associated congenital or acquired heart disease. None of these patients had clinical or electrocardiographic evidence of arrhythmia. Dual A-V nodal pathways were observed in 35 percent of the preoperative group and in 33 percent of the postoperative group. Despite this substrate for A-V nodal reentry, supraventricular tachycardia was neither induced during electrophysiologic evaluation nor did it develop clinically over a follow-up period of 1 month to 15 years. It is concluded that dual A-V nodal pathways are common and may be a benign finding in arrhythmia-free children with heart disease.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine