Dredging in the Spratly Islands

Gaining Land but Losing Reefs

Camilo Mora, Iain R. Caldwell, Charles Birkeland, John McManus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Coral reefs on remote islands and atolls are less exposed to direct human stressors but are becoming increasingly vulnerable because of their development for geopolitical and military purposes. Here we document dredging and filling activities by countries in the South China Sea, where building new islands and channels on atolls is leading to considerable losses of, and perhaps irreversible damages to, unique coral reef ecosystems. Preventing similar damage across other reefs in the region necessitates the urgent development of cooperative management of disputed territories in the South China Sea. We suggest using the Antarctic Treaty as a positive precedent for such international cooperation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere1002422
JournalPLoS Biology
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 31 2016

Fingerprint

Coral Reefs
atolls
International Cooperation
Reefs
Dredging
Islands
Oceans and Seas
coral reefs
Channel Islands
China
reefs
International cooperation
treaties
collaborative management
international cooperation
South China Sea
Ecosystem
Ecosystems
ecosystems
dredging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Dredging in the Spratly Islands : Gaining Land but Losing Reefs. / Mora, Camilo; Caldwell, Iain R.; Birkeland, Charles; McManus, John.

In: PLoS Biology, Vol. 14, No. 3, e1002422, 31.03.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mora, Camilo ; Caldwell, Iain R. ; Birkeland, Charles ; McManus, John. / Dredging in the Spratly Islands : Gaining Land but Losing Reefs. In: PLoS Biology. 2016 ; Vol. 14, No. 3.
@article{d225edc975004e78af1df2557f46c559,
title = "Dredging in the Spratly Islands: Gaining Land but Losing Reefs",
abstract = "Coral reefs on remote islands and atolls are less exposed to direct human stressors but are becoming increasingly vulnerable because of their development for geopolitical and military purposes. Here we document dredging and filling activities by countries in the South China Sea, where building new islands and channels on atolls is leading to considerable losses of, and perhaps irreversible damages to, unique coral reef ecosystems. Preventing similar damage across other reefs in the region necessitates the urgent development of cooperative management of disputed territories in the South China Sea. We suggest using the Antarctic Treaty as a positive precedent for such international cooperation.",
author = "Camilo Mora and Caldwell, {Iain R.} and Charles Birkeland and John McManus",
year = "2016",
month = "3",
day = "31",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pbio.1002422",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "14",
journal = "PLoS Biology",
issn = "1544-9173",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dredging in the Spratly Islands

T2 - Gaining Land but Losing Reefs

AU - Mora, Camilo

AU - Caldwell, Iain R.

AU - Birkeland, Charles

AU - McManus, John

PY - 2016/3/31

Y1 - 2016/3/31

N2 - Coral reefs on remote islands and atolls are less exposed to direct human stressors but are becoming increasingly vulnerable because of their development for geopolitical and military purposes. Here we document dredging and filling activities by countries in the South China Sea, where building new islands and channels on atolls is leading to considerable losses of, and perhaps irreversible damages to, unique coral reef ecosystems. Preventing similar damage across other reefs in the region necessitates the urgent development of cooperative management of disputed territories in the South China Sea. We suggest using the Antarctic Treaty as a positive precedent for such international cooperation.

AB - Coral reefs on remote islands and atolls are less exposed to direct human stressors but are becoming increasingly vulnerable because of their development for geopolitical and military purposes. Here we document dredging and filling activities by countries in the South China Sea, where building new islands and channels on atolls is leading to considerable losses of, and perhaps irreversible damages to, unique coral reef ecosystems. Preventing similar damage across other reefs in the region necessitates the urgent development of cooperative management of disputed territories in the South China Sea. We suggest using the Antarctic Treaty as a positive precedent for such international cooperation.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84962159702&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84962159702&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pbio.1002422

DO - 10.1371/journal.pbio.1002422

M3 - Article

VL - 14

JO - PLoS Biology

JF - PLoS Biology

SN - 1544-9173

IS - 3

M1 - e1002422

ER -