We previously reported a 50% (95% CI = 33-76%) 5 year event-free survival (EFS) rate for 23 patients with Hodgkin's disease (HD) who received salvage therapy with single agent high-dose melphalan (HDM) and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). Predictors of poor outcome included bulky disease and initial remission <1 year. Since 1995, similar poor prognosis patients have been treated with double high-dose therapy consisting of dose-intensive cyclophosphamide 5.25 g/m2, etoposide 1.05 g/m2, cisplatin 105 mg/m2 (DICEP) for tumor cytoreduction and stem cell mobilization followed by HDM/ASCT. The purpose of the present study is to determine if the use of DICEP is associated with improved event-free (EFS) and overall survival (OAS) for patients treated with HDM/ASCT. From February 1981 to June 1999, 46 consecutive patients received HDM/ASCT for relapsed (n = 35) or refractory (n = 11) HD. DICEP re-induction and blood stem cell mobilization was used for 21 patients. Factors considered for univariate and multivariate analyses included age at transplant, number of failed chemotherapy regimens, prior radiotherapy, length of initial remission, relapsed or refractory disease status, extranodal relapse, B symptoms at relapse, bulk, post-ASCT radiotherapy, and DICEP re-induction therapy. Cox proportional hazards models were constructed for both event and death. DICEP and HDM were well tolerated with no early treatment-related mortality or toxicity requiring life-sustaining measures. For all 46 patients, the projected 5 year EFS was 52% (95% CI = 38-72%) and OAS was 57% (95% CI = 40-82). Factors independently associated with relapse in multivariate analysis included bulk >5 cm (RR = 6.38, P = 0.002), prior radiotherapy (RR = 3.59, P = 0.027), and not using DICEP (RR = 5.29, P = 0.005). Factors independently associated with death included bulk >5 cm (RR = 5.13, P = 0.009), ≥3 prior chemotherapy regimens (RR = 4.72, P = 0.019), and not using DICEP (RR = 7.49, P = 0.015). This study demonstrates that DICEP re-induction prior to HDM/ASCT is feasible. The preliminary data are sufficiently encouraging to warrant a multicenter phase II or a phase III trial evaluating DICEP followed by HDM/ASCT as salvage therapy for HD.
- Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
- Hodgkin's disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas