Double-bounce component in cross-polarimetric SAR from a new scattering target decomposition

Sang Hoon Hong, Shimon Wdowinski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

Common vegetation scattering theories assume that the synthetic aperture radar (SAR) cross-polarization (cross-pol) signal represents solely volume scattering. We found that this assumption is incorrect based on SAR phase measurements acquired over the South Florida Everglades indicating that the cross-pol radar signal often samples the water surface beneath the vegetation. Based on these new observations, we propose that the cross-pol signal consists of both double-bounce and volume scattering components. The simplest multibounce scattering mechanism that generates cross-pol signal occurs by rotated dihedrals. Thus, we use the rotated dihedral mechanism to revise some of the vegetation scattering theories and develop a fourcomponent decomposition algorithm with single-bounce, co-pol double-bounce, cross-pol double-bounce, and volume scattering components. We tested the new decomposition in both urban and rural environments using RADARSAT-2 quad-pol data sets. The decomposition of the San Francisco area shows higher doublebounce scattering and reduced volume scattering in the urban area with respect to the common three-component decomposition. The decomposition of the rural Everglades area shows that the relation between volume and cross-pol double bounce depends on the vegetation density. Thus, we suggest that, when possible, SAR-based biomass estimate studies should use the volume scattering calculated by our decomposition rather than the cross-pol signal, which also contains a double-bounce component.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6562800
Pages (from-to)3039-3051
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Volume52
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2014

Keywords

  • Cross-polarization (cross-pol)
  • Everglades
  • polarimetric decomposition
  • polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (PolSAR)
  • rotated dihedral mechanism
  • volume scattering
  • wetland interferometric SAR (InSAR)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Double-bounce component in cross-polarimetric SAR from a new scattering target decomposition'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this