Domains of cognition and their assessment

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cognitive performance is typically conceptualized in terms of domains of functioning. These domains are hierarchical in nature, with the bottom referring to more basic sensory and perceptual processes and the top referring to elements of executive functioning and cognitive control. Domains are not independent of each other and executive functioning exerts control over the utilization of more basic processes. Assessments are typically targeted at subdomains of each ability area and careful combination of tasks can reveal patterns of performance consistent with a variety of different neurological and neuropsychiatric conditions. This review covers the general structures of domains, the patterns of impairments across domains seen in common neuropsychiatric conditions, and use of assessment strategies to differentiate, to the extent possible, between different types of conditions manifesting cognitive impairment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)227-237
Number of pages11
JournalDialogues in clinical neuroscience
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Assessment
  • Cognition
  • Dementia
  • Neuropsychology
  • Psychometrics
  • Psychosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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