Does unemployment lead to greater alcohol consumption?

Ioana Popovici, Michael T. French

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations


Using panel data from Waves 1 and 2 of the NESARC, we estimate gender-specific effects of changes in employment status on overall alcohol consumption, binge-drinking episodes, and a diagnosis of alcohol abuse and/or dependence. We employ various fixed-effects models to address potential bias from unobserved and time-invariant individual heterogeneity. All results show a positive and significant effect of unemployment on drinking behaviors, and the findings are robust to numerous sensitivity tests. Perhaps, macroeconomic policy decisions intended to stimulate the economy during economic downturns should also consider the avoided personal costs and externalities associated with alcohol misuse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)444-466
Number of pages23
JournalIndustrial Relations
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial relations
  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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