Does staged closure have a worse prognosis in gastroschisis?

Augusto Frederico Schmidt, Anderson Gonçalves, Joaquim Murray Bustorff-Silva, Antônio Gonçalves Oliveira Filho, Sérgio Tadeu Marba, Lourenço Sbragia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Correction of gastroschisis can be accomplished by primary or staged closure. There is, however, no consensus regarding the best approach or criteria to favor one method over the other has been established. OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcome of primary and staged closure in newborns with gastroschisis using intravesical pressure (IVP) as the decision criterion. PATIENTS & METHODS: We prospectively analyzed 45 newborns with gastroschisis. An IVP with a threshold of 20 cm H 2O was used to indicate primary or staged closure, and the outcomes between the two methods were compared. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Newborns in whom primary closure was feasible were born at a lower gestational age. There was no significant difference in the frequency of complications, time to begin oral feeding, length of parenteral nutrition or length of hospital stay. Compared with previous reports, our data showed higher rates of prenatal diagnosis and cesarean delivery, a lower average birth weight, a higher rate of small gestational age babies and a more frequent association with intestinal atresia. Conversely, our data showed a lower rate of postoperative necrotizing enterocolitis and a lower average length of hospital stay. CONCLUSION: No significant difference was observed in the outcome of newborns who underwent primary closure or staged closure of gastroschisis when using an IVP below 20 cm H 2O as the criterion for primary closure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)563-566
Number of pages4
JournalClinics
Volume66
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Abdominal wall
  • Gastroschisis
  • Newborn diseases
  • Operative
  • Postoperative complications
  • Surgical procedures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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