Does public segmentation matter in crisis communication? The interplay between public segmentation and crisis response strategies

Taylor Jing Wen, Jo Yun Li, Baobao Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: This study situates in the context of Chipotle's food safety issue and seeks to understand how their primary customers perceive their crisis response messages after learning of the outbreaks. The current study incorporates the framework of situational crisis communication theory (SCCT; Coombs, 2007) and public segmentation model (Rawlins, 2006) to understand the effectiveness of crisis response messages. It aims to examine the role of public segmentation in situational crisis communication and investigate the effects of three crisis response strategies according to SCCT on different public segments. Design/methodology/approach: The SCCT provides guidelines for understanding the effectiveness of different crisis response strategies. The current study showcases the importance of public segmentation in the SCCT model through the lens of stakeholder theory. A 3 (crisis response strategy: deny, diminish, rebuild) × 4 (public segment: advocate, dormant, adversarial, apathetic) factorial experiment was conducted. Findings: The findings suggest that advocate public expressed more positive evaluation about the company when exposed to rebuild and deny strategies. Both dormant and adversarial stakeholders reported positive responses on rebuild and diminish strategies. However, no difference was found among apathetic public. Originality/value: The researchers attempt to make a modest contribution in this direction by reporting results from an empirical experiment that examined the effects of crisis response strategies on different public segments. The findings suggest an effective message tailoring approach to target different public segments. Thus, the results of this study are expected to benefit relevant corporations and public relations practitioners.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)622-635
Number of pages14
JournalCorporate Communications
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Crisis response strategy
  • Public segmentation
  • Situational crisis communication theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial relations
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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