Does Children's Oncology Group hospital membership improve survival for patients with neuroblastoma or Wilms tumor?

Juan C. Gutierrez, Michael C. Cheung, Ying Zhuge, Leonidas G. Koniaris, Juan E. Sola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To determine prognostic significance of hospital surgical volume and Children's Oncology Group (COG) membership on neuroblastoma (NBL) and Wilms tumor (WT) survival. Methods: The Florida Cancer Data System was queried from 1981 to 2004. Results: Of 869 NBL patients, 463 were treated at COG/HVC, 246 at COG/LVC, and 160 at non-COG/LVC. COG hospitals treated a larger proportion of patients <1 year of age (P = 0.002) and relatively more patients with adrenal and mediastinal tumors (P = 0.005). COG centers more frequently administered chemotherapy (72% vs. 51%, P < 0.001). Five- and 10-year survival rates were higher at COG/HVC (70.6%, 67.7%) and COG/LVC (75.8%, 72.6%) than non-COG/LVC (59.5%, 54.4%, P < 0.05). Of 790 WT patients, 395 were treated at COG/HVC, 210 at COG/LVC, and 185 at non-COG/LVC. COG hospitals treated younger patients and lower staged tumors (P < 0.05). COG centers more frequently administered chemotherapy (88% vs. 59%, P < 0.001). Five- and 10-year survival rates were higher at COG/HVC (91.3%, 89.9%) and COG/LVC (96.7%, 94.7%) than non-COG/LVC (82.4%, 81.7%, P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis demonstrated WT patients treated at non-COG hospitals, but not NBL patients, had worse survival (HR 3.107, P = 0.01). Conclusion: Children treated at COG hospitals had higher overall use of chemotherapy. This translated into a significantly improved survival benefit for WT. Pediatr Blood Cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)621-628
Number of pages8
JournalPediatric Blood and Cancer
Volume55
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2010

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Keywords

  • FCDS
  • Neuroblastoma
  • Pediatric tumors
  • Volume-outcomes
  • Wilms tumor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Hematology
  • Medicine(all)

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