Does a new surgical residency program increase operating room times

Alvaro Castillo, Alberto Zarak, Robert A. Kozol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: Our country faces a shortage of surgeons; hence, we may anticipate the development of new surgery residencies. Therefore, the question of the effect of a new program on operating room times (ORT) is important. Our primary aim was to compare ORT of 3 common procedures done by attendings alone vs ORT of cases with residents. METHODS: We queried records of 1458 patients from the JFK Medical Center database for laparoscopic cholecystectomy, open inguinal hernia repair, and laparoscopic appendectomy from July 2010 to July 2012. We divided the sample into 2 groups: "attending alone" (2010-2011) and "with residents" (20112012). The ORT was calculated by "Cut time" and "Close time," as recorded in the OR. ORT for both groups was calculated using the unpaired t test. RESULTS: Of the total number of patients, 778 underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy, 407 underwent open inguinal hernia repair, and 273 underwent laparoscopic appendectomy; of these, 620, 315, and 211 procedures, respectively, were done by the attending alone and 158, 92, and 62, respectively, were done with residents. Differences in ORT for the 3 types of surgery were statistically significant (p < 0.001). There was no statistical significance when comparing the first half with the second half of the academic year for residents' ORT. CONCLUSIONS: Resident involvement increases ORT. Cost analysis considering OR time and anesthesia time vs federal funding for Graduate Medical Education is complicated. The benefit of new programs in diminishing the shortage of surgeons cannot be underestimated. (J Surg 70:700-702.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)700-702
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Surgical Education
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2013


  • New surgical residency
  • Operating room time
  • Surgeon shortage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Education


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