Sagen dysfunktionale kognitionen den therapieerfolg voraus?

Translated title of the contribution: Do dysfunctional cognitions predict therapy outcome?

Andrea Ertle, Jutta Joormann, Karina Wahl, Andreas Kordon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Dysfunctional cognitions are core elements of cognitive-behavioral models of psychological disorders. Objective: In a longitudinal study, we investigated the association between individual differences in the initial strength of dysfunctional cognitions and reduction of anxiety and depression symptoms over the course of treatment. Method: N = 87 patients diagnosed with OCD, Major Depression and Panic Disorder/Agoraphobia completed a set of questionnaires assessing symptoms, dysfunctional attitudes, worry, and rumination prior to and after cognitive-behavioral treatment. Results: Over the course of therapy, patients improved in their dysfunctional cognitions and their distress. Pronounced initial worry was associated with less reduction of anxiety; reflection, in contrast, is a protective factor. Whereas the reduction of dysfunctional attitudes is related to the reduction of anxiety symptoms, the reduction of worry is related to the reduction of depressive symptoms. Conclusions: The results provide empirical support for the cognitive-behavioral model.

Translated title of the contributionDo dysfunctional cognitions predict therapy outcome?
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)44-51
Number of pages8
JournalZeitschrift fur Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 16 2009

Keywords

  • Cognitive model
  • Dysfunctional cognitions
  • Rumination
  • Schemata
  • Therapy outcome
  • Worry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology

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