Divide-and-conquer approach for brain machine interfaces: Nonlinear mixture of competitive linear models

Sung Phil Kim, Justin C. Sanchez, Deniz Erdogmus, Yadunandana N. Rao, Johan Wessberg, Jose C. Principe, Miguel Nicolelis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations


This paper proposes a divide-and-conquer strategy for designing brain machine interfaces. A nonlinear combination of competitively trained local linear models (experts) is used to identify the mapping from neuronal activity in cortical areas associated with arm movement to the hand position of a primate. The proposed architecture and the training algorithm are described in detail and numerical performance comparisons with alternative linear and nonlinear modeling approaches, including time-delay neural networks and recursive multilayer perceptrons, are presented. This new strategy allows training the local linear models using normalized LMS and using a relatively smaller nonlinear network to efficiently combine the predictions of the linear experts. This leads to savings in computational requirements, while the performance is still similar to a large fully nonlinear network.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)865-871
Number of pages7
JournalNeural Networks
Issue number5-6
StatePublished - 2003


  • Brain machine interfaces
  • Competitive learning
  • Multiple local linear models

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Neuroscience(all)


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