Divergent influences of private and public self-consciousness in a compliance paradigm

William J. Froming, Charles S Carver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

91 Scopus citations


A study was conducted to test the reasoning that two types of dispositional self-consciousness would be associated with two different influences on compliance behavior. The study utilized a paradigm in which subjects are induced to make incorrect responses on a perceptual task by means of simulated group pressure. Based upon results of previous research, the following predictions were made: that private self-consciousness-the disposition to be conscious of one's thoughts, feeling, and covert self-aspects-would be inversely correlated with compliance; and that public self-consciousness-the disposition to be conscious of one's social self-aspects-would be positively correlated with compliance. The data from the study provided support for both of these predictions. Discussion centers on the theoretical implications of these findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-171
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1981


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

Cite this