Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) data are presented from three meridional transects conducted in the North Atlantic as part of the US Climate Variability (CLIVAR) Repeat Hydrography program in 2003. The hydrographic sections covered a latitudinal range of 6°S to 63°N along longitudes 20°W (CLIVAR line A16), 52°W (A20) and 66°W (A22). Over 3700 individual measurements reveal unprecedented detail in the DOC distribution and systematic variations in the mesopelagic and bathypelagic zones of the North Atlantic basin. Latitudinal gradients in DOC concentrations combined with published estimates of ventilation rates for the main thermocline and North Atlantic Deep Water (NADW) indicate a net DOC export rate of 0.081PgCyr-1 from the epipelagic zone into the mesopelagic and bathypelagic zones. Model II regression and multiple linear regression models applied to pairwise measures of DOC and chlorofluorocarbon (CFC-12) ventilation age, retrieved from major water masses within the main thermocline and NADW, indicate decay rates for exported DOC ranging from 0.13 to 0.94γmolkg-1yr-1, with higher DOC concentrations driving higher rates. The contribution of DOC oxidation to oxygen consumption ranged from 5 to 29% while mineralization of sinking biogenic particles drove the balance of the apparent oxygen utilization.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography|
|State||Published - Aug 1 2010|
- Carbon export
ASJC Scopus subject areas