Disrupted Schwann cell-axon interactions in peripheral nerves of mice with altered L1-integrin interactions

Kyoko Itoh, Shinji Fushiki, Hiroyuki Kamiguchi, Bernd Arnold, Peter Altevogt, Vance Lemmon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

The cell adhesion molecule L1 is important for peripheral nerve development. Mice lacking the 6th Ig domain of L1 (L1-6D mice) lose L1 homophilic binding and RGD dependent L1-integrin binding [Itoh, K., Cheng, L., Kamei, Y., Fushiki, S., Kamiguchi, H., Gutwein, P., Stoeck, A., Arnold, B., Altevogt, P., Lemmon, V., 2004. Brain development in mice lacking L1-L1 homophilic adhesion. J. Cell Biol. 165, 145-154]. We examined the ultrastructure of sciatic nerves from L1-6D at postnatal day 7 and 8 weeks. Unmyelinated axons frequently detached at the edge of Schwann cells, and naked axons were observed. Myelin was thinner in L1-6D and abnormal, multiple axons wrapped in a single myelin sheath were routinely observed. Previous work has shown that L1 on axons interacts with a heterophilic binding partner on Schwann cells to facilitate normal peripheral nerve formation. Taken together, it is likely that L1 on axons binds integrins on Schwann cells, resulting in interactions between axons and Schwann cells that are essential for ensheathment and myelination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-136
Number of pages6
JournalMolecular and Cellular Neuroscience
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Cell Biology

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