Dispositional optimism and recovery from coronary artery bypass surgery: the beneficial effects on physical and psychological well-being.

M. F. Scheier, K. A. Matthews, J. F. Owens, G. J. Magovern, R. C. Lefebvre, R. A. Abbott, Charles S Carver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

672 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of dispositional optimism on recovery from coronary artery bypass surgery was examined in a group of 51 middle-aged men. Patients provided information at three points in time--(a) on the day before surgery, (b) 6-8 days postoperatively, and (c) 6 months postoperatively. Information was obtained relating to the patient's rate of physical recovery, mood, and postsurgical quality of life. Information was also gathered regarding the manner in which the patients attempted to cope with the stress of the surgery and its aftermath. As expected, dispositional optimism proved to be an important predictor of coping efforts and of surgical outcomes. More specifically, dispositional optimism (as assessed prior to surgery) correlated positively with manifestations of problem-focused coping and negatively with the use of denial. Dispositional optimism was also associated with a faster rate of physical recovery during the period of hospitalization and with a faster rate of return to normal life activities subsequent to discharge. Finally, there was a strong positive association between level of optimism and postsurgical quality of life at 6 months.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1024-1040
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume57
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1989
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

optimism
Coronary Artery Bypass
surgery
well-being
Psychology
quality of life
coping
Quality of Life
Ambulatory Surgical Procedures
hospitalization
mood
Hospitalization
Optimism
Group

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Dispositional optimism and recovery from coronary artery bypass surgery : the beneficial effects on physical and psychological well-being. / Scheier, M. F.; Matthews, K. A.; Owens, J. F.; Magovern, G. J.; Lefebvre, R. C.; Abbott, R. A.; Carver, Charles S.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 57, No. 6, 01.12.1989, p. 1024-1040.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Scheier, M. F. ; Matthews, K. A. ; Owens, J. F. ; Magovern, G. J. ; Lefebvre, R. C. ; Abbott, R. A. ; Carver, Charles S. / Dispositional optimism and recovery from coronary artery bypass surgery : the beneficial effects on physical and psychological well-being. In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1989 ; Vol. 57, No. 6. pp. 1024-1040.
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