Dispositional Optimism and Physical Well‐Being: The Influence of Generalized Outcome Expectancies on Health

Michael E. Scheier, Charles S. Carver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

722 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article explores the implications that dispositional optimism holds for physical well-being. Research is reviewed that links optimism to a number of different positive health-relevant outcomes, ranging from the development of physical symptoms to recovery from coronary artery bypass surgery. Additional findings are described which suggest that these beneficial effects are partly due to differences between optimists and pessimists in the strategies that they use to cope with stress. A number of other potential mediators are also discussed, including some that are physiologic in nature. The article closes with a discussion of the relationships between our own theoretical account of the effects of optimism and several other conceptual approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-210
Number of pages42
JournalJournal of personality
Volume55
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

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