Dispositional optimism and physical well-being: the influence of generalized outcome expectancies on health.

M. F. Scheier, Charles S Carver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

711 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article explores the implications that dispositional optimism holds for physical well-being. Research is reviewed that links optimism to a number of different positive health-relevant outcomes, ranging from the development of physical symptoms to recovery from coronary artery bypass surgery. Additional findings are described which suggest that these beneficial effects are partly due to differences between optimists and pessimists in the strategies that they use to cope with stress. A number of other potential mediators are also discussed, including some that are physiologic in nature. The article closes with a discussion of the relationships between our own theoretical account of the effects of optimism and several other conceptual approaches.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-210
Number of pages42
JournalJournal of Personality
Volume55
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 1987

Fingerprint

Health
Coronary Artery Bypass
Research
Optimism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Dispositional optimism and physical well-being : the influence of generalized outcome expectancies on health. / Scheier, M. F.; Carver, Charles S.

In: Journal of Personality, Vol. 55, No. 2, 01.06.1987, p. 169-210.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{649d8fbc3e264976ac3b424e91bc258e,
title = "Dispositional optimism and physical well-being: the influence of generalized outcome expectancies on health.",
abstract = "This article explores the implications that dispositional optimism holds for physical well-being. Research is reviewed that links optimism to a number of different positive health-relevant outcomes, ranging from the development of physical symptoms to recovery from coronary artery bypass surgery. Additional findings are described which suggest that these beneficial effects are partly due to differences between optimists and pessimists in the strategies that they use to cope with stress. A number of other potential mediators are also discussed, including some that are physiologic in nature. The article closes with a discussion of the relationships between our own theoretical account of the effects of optimism and several other conceptual approaches.",
author = "Scheier, {M. F.} and Carver, {Charles S}",
year = "1987",
month = "6",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "55",
pages = "169--210",
journal = "Journal of Personality",
issn = "0022-3506",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dispositional optimism and physical well-being

T2 - the influence of generalized outcome expectancies on health.

AU - Scheier, M. F.

AU - Carver, Charles S

PY - 1987/6/1

Y1 - 1987/6/1

N2 - This article explores the implications that dispositional optimism holds for physical well-being. Research is reviewed that links optimism to a number of different positive health-relevant outcomes, ranging from the development of physical symptoms to recovery from coronary artery bypass surgery. Additional findings are described which suggest that these beneficial effects are partly due to differences between optimists and pessimists in the strategies that they use to cope with stress. A number of other potential mediators are also discussed, including some that are physiologic in nature. The article closes with a discussion of the relationships between our own theoretical account of the effects of optimism and several other conceptual approaches.

AB - This article explores the implications that dispositional optimism holds for physical well-being. Research is reviewed that links optimism to a number of different positive health-relevant outcomes, ranging from the development of physical symptoms to recovery from coronary artery bypass surgery. Additional findings are described which suggest that these beneficial effects are partly due to differences between optimists and pessimists in the strategies that they use to cope with stress. A number of other potential mediators are also discussed, including some that are physiologic in nature. The article closes with a discussion of the relationships between our own theoretical account of the effects of optimism and several other conceptual approaches.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0023357493&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0023357493&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 3497256

AN - SCOPUS:0023357493

VL - 55

SP - 169

EP - 210

JO - Journal of Personality

JF - Journal of Personality

SN - 0022-3506

IS - 2

ER -