Disentangling the overlap between Tourette's disorder and ADHD

Thomas Spencer, Joseph Biederman, Margaret Harding, Deborah O'Donnell, Timothy Wilens, Stephen Faraone, Barbara Coffey, Daniel Geller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

147 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To identify similarities and differences in neuropsychiatric correlates in children with Tourette's syndrome (TS) and those with ADHD. Method: The sample consisted of children with Tourette's syndrome with ADHD (N = 79), children with Tourette's syndrome without ADHD (N = 18), children with ADHD (N = 563), psychiatrically referred children (N = 212), and healthy controls (N = 140). Results: Disorders specifically associated with Tourette's syndrome were obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and simple phobias. Rates of other disorders, including other disruptive behavioral, mood, and anxiety disorders, neuropsychologic correlates, and social and school functioning were indistinguishable in children with Tourette's and ADHD. However, children with Tourette's syndrome plus ADHD had more additional comorbid disorders overall and lower psychosocial function than children with ADHD. Conclusions: These findings confirm previously noted associations between Tourette's syndrome and OCD but suggest that disruptive behavioral, mood, and anxiety disorders as well as cognitive dysfunctions may be accounted for by comorbidity with ADHD. However, Tourette's syndrome plus ADHD appears to be a more severe condition than ADHD alone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1037-1044
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines
Volume39
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Attention deficit disorder
  • Comorbidity
  • School children
  • Tourette's syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Disentangling the overlap between Tourette's disorder and ADHD'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this