Discrimination and imitation of facial expressions by neonates

Tiffany M. Field, Robert Woodson, Reena Greenberg, Debra Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

540 Scopus citations


Human neonates (average age, 36 hours) discriminated three facial expressions (happy, sad, and surprised) posed by a live model as evidenced by diminished visual fixation on each face over trials and renewed fixations to the presentation of a different face. The expressions posed by the model, unseen by the observer, were guessed at greater than chance accuracy simply by observing the face of the neonate, whose facial movements in the brow, eyes, and mouth regions provided evidence for imitation of the facial expressions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-181
Number of pages3
Issue number4568
StatePublished - 1982

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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