OBJECTIVES: We had three objectives for our study: 1) to describe the prevalence and burden of experiences of discrimination among Hispanics with poorly controlled diabetes; 2) to evaluate associations among discrimination experiences and their burden with comorbid depression among Hispanics with poorly controlled diabetes; and 3) to evaluate whether discrimination encountered in the health care context itself was associated with comorbid depression for Hispanic adults with diabetes.
DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data of a randomized controlled trial (RCT).
SETTING: We collected data in the context of an RCT in a clinical setting in New York City.
PARTICIPANTS: Our sample comprised 221 urban-dwelling Hispanics, largely of Caribbean origin.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The main outcome measure was major depression, measured by the Euro-D (score > 3).
RESULTS: Of 221 participants, 58.8% reported at least one experience of everyday discrimination, and 42.5% reported at least one major experience of discrimination. Depression was associated significantly with counts of experiences of major discrimination (OR = 1.46, 95% CI = 1.09 - 1.94, P = .01), aggregate counts of everyday and major discrimination (OR = 1.13, 95% CI = 1.02 - 1.26, P = .02), and the experience of discrimination in getting care for physical health (OR = 6.30, 95% CI= 1.10-36.03).
CONCLUSIONS: Discrimination may pose a barrier to getting health care and may be associated with depression among Hispanics with diabetes. Clinicians treating Caribbean-born Hispanics should be aware that disadvantage and discrimination likely complicate a presentation of diabetes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Ethnicity & disease|
|State||Published - Mar 1 2015|
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