Discrimination against Latina/os: A meta-analysis of individual-level resources and outcomes Ψ

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143 Scopus citations


This meta-analysis synthesizes the findings of 60 independent samples from 51 studies examining racial/ethnic discrimination against Latina/os in the United States. The purpose was to identify individual-level resources and outcomes that most strongly relate to discrimination. Discrimination against Latina/os significantly results in outcomes pertaining to health, mental health, education, and employment. Mental health indicators have the strongest correlations with discrimination. Among the individual resources resulting from this meta-analysis-personal constructs and strengths, social support, acculturation, enculturation, acculturative stress, and active coping skills-personal constructs and strengths (e.g., self-esteem and self-efficacy) have the strongest correlations with discrimination and outcomes. These findings are significantly moderated by sample age, ethnicity, and regionality. Implications of these findings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)28-65
Number of pages38
JournalCounseling Psychologist
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2012


  • coping
  • discrimination
  • health
  • Latina/o
  • mental health
  • meta-analysis
  • psychological distress
  • racism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology


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