Discontinuation of antidepressants during attempts to conceive: A pilot trial of cognitive behavioral therapy for the prevention of recurrent depression

Christina Psaros, Marlene Freeman, Steven A. Safren, Maria Barsky, Lee S. Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Many women discontinue antidepressants (ADs) when trying to conceive, although risk of depressive relapse is high. We examined the feasibility and potential clinical effect of cognitive behavioral therapy for the prevention of recurrence (CBT-PR) for women with a history of recurrent major depressive disorder (MDD) who planned to discontinue maintenance AD treatment for pregnancy. METHODS: This was an open preliminary study of CBT-PR in women (N = 12) planning or early in pregnancy with remitted MDD on maintenance ADs with a plan to discontinue ADs for pregnancy. Participants received 12 sessions of CBT-PR during the acute phase and optional monthly booster sessions during follow-up. Participants were assessed monthly during the acute phase and then twice additionally during follow-up by an independent rater using mood scales (depression module of the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview and Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale); pregnancy status was also assessed. RESULTS: Over the 24 weeks of the trial, 75% (n = 9) of participants did not restart ADs and did not relapse to depression. Of the 3 who reintroduced AD, 2 experienced a depressive relapse, whereas one did not meet full criteria for MDD. Adherence to the intervention was very good with all participants completing all therapy sessions and assessments. CONCLUSIONS: Cognitive behavioral therapy for the prevention of recurrence seems feasible and may provide protection for women with recurrent depression on ADs who discontinue their medication while trying to conceive. The extent to which euthymia is sustainable with CBT-PR requires further study; the results of which may broaden treatment choices for women in anticipation of and during pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)455-460
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of clinical psychopharmacology
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

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Keywords

  • CBT
  • antidepressants
  • behavior therapy
  • depression
  • pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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