Direct solution calorimetric measurements of enthalpies of proton and electron transfer reactions for transition metal complexes. Thermochemical study of metal-hydride and metal-metal bond energies

Gabor Kiss, Steven P. Nolan, Carl D. Hoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Enthalpies of reaction with sodium amalgam, sodium benzophenone ketyl, and metal carbonyl anions of organometallic complexes in THF solution have been measured. Relative to reduction with Na metal, the following enthalpies of reduction (kcal mol-1) are reported: benzophenone = -38.5, Cr(CO)2(PEt3)C5H5 = -54.3, Cr(CO)2(PPh3)C5H5 = -59.8, 1/2[Mo(CO)3C5Me5]2 = -59.9, 1/2[W(CO)3C5H5]2 = -61.7, 1/2[Mo(CO)3C5H5]2 = -63.5, Cr(CO)2(P(OMe)3)C5H5 = -64.4, 1/2[C5H5(CO)3Mo-Cr(CO)3C5H5] = -66.1, 1/2[Cr(CO)3C5H5]2 = -68.2, Cr(CO)3C5Me5 = -72.3, Cr(CO)3C5H5 = -75.6, 1/2Co2(CO)8 = -77.9. The value for the enthalpy of reduction of benzophenone is 14.5 kcal mol-1 more exothermic than recent literature data. The enthalpies of electron transfer and proton transfer between NaCr(CO)2C5H5 and other chromium radicals and hydrides have been measured and span about 20 kcal mol-1. These measurements are used in thermochemical cycles to calculate enthalpies of H atom transfer. The role of substituents in determining enthalpies of reaction relevant to electrochemical and pKa measurement enthalpies of reaction is discussed. The heat of hydrogenation of Mn2(CO)10 has been determined using calorimetrically determined enthalpies of H atom transfer. The heat of hydrogenation, +4 kcal mol-1 in THF, allows estimation of the MnH bond strength = 68 kcal mol-1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-292
Number of pages8
JournalInorganica Chimica Acta
Volume227
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 1994

Keywords

  • Calorimetry
  • Electron transfer reactions
  • Enthalpy
  • Metal hydrides
  • Metal-metal bond energies
  • Proton transfer reactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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