Direct measurement of methanol crossover fluxes under land and channel in direct methanol fuel cells

Saif Almheiri, Hongtan Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Methanol crossover in Direct Methanol Fuel Cells (DMFCs) has a drastic adverse effect on the performance of the cell. Thus, the measurement of methanol crossover flux is of a great importance. In this work, a method is developed to separately measure methanol crossover fluxes under the different regions of the flow field geometry, i.e. under the land and under the channel. Such measurements may further our understanding of this complex phenomenon and thus lead to innovative solutions to mitigate the detrimental effects of methanol crossover. In this method, the anode side of the cell is partially catalyzed in the area of interest (land or channel) and blocked by Teflon® films in other areas, whereas the cathode side is always fully catalyzed. The Linear Sweep Voltammetry measurements show that the methanol crossover flux under the land is higher than that under the channel. The higher crossover flux under the land is attributed to under-land convection. It is believed that under-land convection has duel effects: it causes both a higher methanol concentration and a higher methanol crossover flux under the land.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10969-10978
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume40
Issue number34
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 20 2015

Fingerprint

Direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC)
fuel cells
crossovers
Methanol
methyl alcohol
Fluxes
convection
Voltammetry
Polytetrafluoroethylenes
teflon (trademark)
cells
Flow fields
Anodes
Cathodes
flow distribution
anodes
cathodes
Geometry
causes
geometry

Keywords

  • DMFC
  • ECA
  • Linear Sweep Voltammetry
  • Methanol crossover

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Direct measurement of methanol crossover fluxes under land and channel in direct methanol fuel cells. / Almheiri, Saif; Liu, Hongtan.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 40, No. 34, 20.03.2015, p. 10969-10978.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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