Direct cell-cell contact required for neurotrophic effect of chromaffin cells on neural progenitor cells

Michael A. Schumm, Daniel A. Castellanos, Beata R. Frydel, Jacqueline Sagen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous studies showed that neural progenitor cultures could be maintained without exogenously added FGF-2 when co-cultured with chromaffin cells. In addition, progenitor cells displayed dramatically increased neuronal differentiation in the presence of chromaffin cells. These findings suggested an approach to improved neural progenitor transplant outcomes using co-transplantation or administration of chromaffin cell-derived factors. The aim of this study was to determine whether the observed survival and differentiation effects were due to diffusible factors or required direct cell-cell contact (DC). Rat neural progenitors were cultured under six different conditions: (1) Standard N2 media with FGF-2; (2) N2 without FGF-2; (3) N2 with FGF+conditioned media (CM) from chromaffin cultures; (4) N2 without FGF-2+CM; (5) Transwells (TW), progenitor+chromaffin cells grown together but separated by a membrane allowing movement of diffusible agents but preventing direct contact; (6) direct contact co-cultures of progenitors and chromaffin cells. Cultures were evaluated for survival, proliferation, and differentiation. Cultures with FGF-2 proliferated and formed floating neurospheres while those grown in N2 without FGF-2 failed to thrive. Those grown either with CM or in transwells showed significantly improved survival. Survival was comparable to the exogenous FGF groups when progenitors were allowed direct contact with chromaffin cells. Proliferation was low in all cultures except those receiving exogenous FGF-2. Direct contact co-cultures exhibited a marked increase in β-tubulin III+ processes compared to all other groups, indicating differentiation towards a neuronal phenotype. The results of this study suggest that diffusible agents produced by chromaffin cells can sustain viable progenitor cells in vitro even in the absence of added FGF-2 but that the effects on progenitor cell neuronal differentiation require direct cell-cell contact.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalDevelopmental Brain Research
Volume146
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 19 2003

Keywords

  • Adrenal medulla
  • Fibroblast growth factor
  • Neural precursor
  • Neural stem cell
  • Neural transplantation
  • Neurotrophin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Developmental Neuroscience

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