Differentiating anxious and depressive self-statements: Combined factor structure of the anxious self-statements questionnaire and the automatic thoughts questionnaire-revised

Steven Safren, Richard G. Heimberg, Julie Lerner, Aude Henin, Melissa Warman, Philip C. Kendall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cognitive models of negative emotion suggest that depression and anxiety are associated with different cognitive features. However, distinguishing anxious from depressive self-talk is difficult because of the overlap between anxiety and depression. The Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire-Revised was developed to assess self-statements related to depression and the Anxious Self-Statement Questionnaire to assess self-statements related to anxiety. However, confirmatory factor analyses of the pooled items from both measures suggested that this implicit two-factor model did not fit the data. Instead, an exploratory common factor analysis yielded four orthogonal factors: self- statements reflecting depression/hopelessness, self-statements reflecting one's inability to cope, self-statements reflecting anxiety/uncertainty about the future, and positive affect self-statements. In an exploratory hierarchical factor analysis, the first three factors loaded onto a single higher order factor, while positive affect self-statements did not. Attempts to predict depression and trait anxiety on the basis of these factor scores produced complex results, at least potentially due to the relative impurity of the criterion measures. These results provide evidence for the differentiation of anxious and depressive self-talk as well as for the common ground shared by these aspects of internal dialogue. They also support the future study of the factors from the ATQ-R and ASSQ in relation to more construct-pure measures of anxiety and depression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)327-344
Number of pages18
JournalCognitive Therapy and Research
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Anxiety
Depression
Statistical Factor Analysis
R388
Uncertainty
Surveys and Questionnaires
Emotions

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Automatic thoughts
  • Cognition
  • Depression
  • Self-statements

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Differentiating anxious and depressive self-statements : Combined factor structure of the anxious self-statements questionnaire and the automatic thoughts questionnaire-revised. / Safren, Steven; Heimberg, Richard G.; Lerner, Julie; Henin, Aude; Warman, Melissa; Kendall, Philip C.

In: Cognitive Therapy and Research, Vol. 24, No. 3, 06.2000, p. 327-344.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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