Differential effects of rumination and dysphoria on the inhibition of irrelevant emotional material: Evidence from a negative priming task

Jutta Joormann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

133 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rumination has been linked to a heightened vulnerability for the development of depression. However, it still remains unclear which cognitive processes underlie individual differences in rumination. The present study investigates whether deficits in the inhibition of irrelevant emotional stimuli in working memory are related to individual differences in ruminative responses to negative mood states and negative life events. Using the Response Style Questionnaire (RSQ), high and low scorers' performance in a negative affective priming task in which participants were asked for self-referential judgments was evaluated. The results show significant inhibition for emotional words in the participants who scored low on the RSQ but no inhibition for emotional words in the participants who scored high on the RSQ. These group differences remained significant when controlling for current depression scores suggesting that irrespective of differences in depressive symptomatology, rumination and inhibitory dysfunctions are closely related.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-160
Number of pages12
JournalCognitive Therapy and Research
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2006

Fingerprint

Individuality
Depression
Short-Term Memory
Surveys and Questionnaires
Inhibition (Psychology)

Keywords

  • Attention
  • Depression
  • Inhibition
  • Memory
  • Rumination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Differential effects of rumination and dysphoria on the inhibition of irrelevant emotional material : Evidence from a negative priming task. / Joormann, Jutta.

In: Cognitive Therapy and Research, Vol. 30, No. 2, 01.04.2006, p. 149-160.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{77dae574510c4bdfb9379851fd756425,
title = "Differential effects of rumination and dysphoria on the inhibition of irrelevant emotional material: Evidence from a negative priming task",
abstract = "Rumination has been linked to a heightened vulnerability for the development of depression. However, it still remains unclear which cognitive processes underlie individual differences in rumination. The present study investigates whether deficits in the inhibition of irrelevant emotional stimuli in working memory are related to individual differences in ruminative responses to negative mood states and negative life events. Using the Response Style Questionnaire (RSQ), high and low scorers' performance in a negative affective priming task in which participants were asked for self-referential judgments was evaluated. The results show significant inhibition for emotional words in the participants who scored low on the RSQ but no inhibition for emotional words in the participants who scored high on the RSQ. These group differences remained significant when controlling for current depression scores suggesting that irrespective of differences in depressive symptomatology, rumination and inhibitory dysfunctions are closely related.",
keywords = "Attention, Depression, Inhibition, Memory, Rumination",
author = "Jutta Joormann",
year = "2006",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10608-006-9035-8",
language = "English",
volume = "30",
pages = "149--160",
journal = "Cognitive Therapy and Research",
issn = "0147-5916",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Differential effects of rumination and dysphoria on the inhibition of irrelevant emotional material

T2 - Evidence from a negative priming task

AU - Joormann, Jutta

PY - 2006/4/1

Y1 - 2006/4/1

N2 - Rumination has been linked to a heightened vulnerability for the development of depression. However, it still remains unclear which cognitive processes underlie individual differences in rumination. The present study investigates whether deficits in the inhibition of irrelevant emotional stimuli in working memory are related to individual differences in ruminative responses to negative mood states and negative life events. Using the Response Style Questionnaire (RSQ), high and low scorers' performance in a negative affective priming task in which participants were asked for self-referential judgments was evaluated. The results show significant inhibition for emotional words in the participants who scored low on the RSQ but no inhibition for emotional words in the participants who scored high on the RSQ. These group differences remained significant when controlling for current depression scores suggesting that irrespective of differences in depressive symptomatology, rumination and inhibitory dysfunctions are closely related.

AB - Rumination has been linked to a heightened vulnerability for the development of depression. However, it still remains unclear which cognitive processes underlie individual differences in rumination. The present study investigates whether deficits in the inhibition of irrelevant emotional stimuli in working memory are related to individual differences in ruminative responses to negative mood states and negative life events. Using the Response Style Questionnaire (RSQ), high and low scorers' performance in a negative affective priming task in which participants were asked for self-referential judgments was evaluated. The results show significant inhibition for emotional words in the participants who scored low on the RSQ but no inhibition for emotional words in the participants who scored high on the RSQ. These group differences remained significant when controlling for current depression scores suggesting that irrespective of differences in depressive symptomatology, rumination and inhibitory dysfunctions are closely related.

KW - Attention

KW - Depression

KW - Inhibition

KW - Memory

KW - Rumination

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33751424397&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33751424397&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10608-006-9035-8

DO - 10.1007/s10608-006-9035-8

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:33751424397

VL - 30

SP - 149

EP - 160

JO - Cognitive Therapy and Research

JF - Cognitive Therapy and Research

SN - 0147-5916

IS - 2

ER -