Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) has been found to act on the neutrophilic lineage. We recently showed that human G-CSF (hG-CSF) has effects similar to early-acting cytokines such as interleukin-3 (IL-3) in the development of multipotential hematopoietic progenitors in transgenic (Tg) mice expressing receptors (R) for hG-CSF. In the present study, we examined the effects of hG-CSF on more mature hematopoietic cells committed to megakaryocytic lineage in these Tg mice. The administration of hG-CSF to the Tg mice increased the numbers of both platelets in peripheral blood and megakaryocytes in the spleen, indicating that hG-CSF stimulates megakaryopoiesis in the Tg mice in vivo. The stimulatory effect of hG-CSF was also supported by the results of studies in vitro, hG-CSF supported megakaryocyte colony formation in a dose-dependent fashion in clonal cultures of bone marrow cells derived from the Tg mice. Direct effects of hG-CSF on megakaryocytic progenitors in the Tg mice were confirmed by culture of single-cell sorted from bone marrow cells, hG-CSF showed a stronger effect on maturation of megakaryocytes in the Tg mice than that of IL-3 alone, but weaker than that of TPO alone. In addition, hG-CSF induced phosphorylation of STAT3 but not Jak2 or STAT5, while TPO induced phosphorylation of both. In contrast to TPO, hG-CSF did not enhance ADP-induced aggregation. Thus, hG-CSF has a wide variety of functions in megakaryopoiesis of hG-CSFR-Tg mice, as compared with other megakaryopoietic cytokines, but the activity of hGCSF in megakaryocytes and platelets does not stand up to a comparison with that of TPO. Specific signals may be required for the full maturation and activation of platelets.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Aug 1 1999|
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