Differential EEG

Sheng Feng Yen, Daniel Schoonover, Justin C. Sanchez, Jose C. Principe, John G. Harris

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We propose to improve the spatial resolution of electroencephalography (EEG) using a differential recording methodology. Conventional EEG (CEEG) systems independently amplify and digitize the signal from each electrode. The Differential EEG (DEEG) approach amplifies the minute difference signal between neighboring electrodes which greatly eases the burden on the subsequent amplification and data conversion stages. A custom DEEG system was designed and fabricated in a 0.6 um CMOS process. The fabricated chip was built into a small prototype DEEG recording system used to measure alpha waves from the occipital lobe of a human subject. We show that the differential approach suffers from fewer artifacts in an eye open/closed determination task than a commercial CEEG system. Artifacts are mainly due to the signal level dependent noise and amplifier mismatch in the CEEG amplifiers. All of our experiments were run with a fixed 3 cm electrode spacing, however we expect to improve the resolution of EEG below 1 cm electrode spacing.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2009 4th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering, NER '09
Pages18-21
Number of pages4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 27 2009
Externally publishedYes
Event2009 4th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering, NER '09 - Antalya, Turkey
Duration: Apr 29 2009May 2 2009

Other

Other2009 4th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering, NER '09
CountryTurkey
CityAntalya
Period4/29/095/2/09

Fingerprint

Electroencephalography
Electrodes
Artifacts
Occipital Lobe
Amplification
Noise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Yen, S. F., Schoonover, D., Sanchez, J. C., Principe, J. C., & Harris, J. G. (2009). Differential EEG. In 2009 4th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering, NER '09 (pp. 18-21). [5109224] https://doi.org/10.1109/NER.2009.5109224

Differential EEG. / Yen, Sheng Feng; Schoonover, Daniel; Sanchez, Justin C.; Principe, Jose C.; Harris, John G.

2009 4th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering, NER '09. 2009. p. 18-21 5109224.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Yen, SF, Schoonover, D, Sanchez, JC, Principe, JC & Harris, JG 2009, Differential EEG. in 2009 4th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering, NER '09., 5109224, pp. 18-21, 2009 4th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering, NER '09, Antalya, Turkey, 4/29/09. https://doi.org/10.1109/NER.2009.5109224
Yen SF, Schoonover D, Sanchez JC, Principe JC, Harris JG. Differential EEG. In 2009 4th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering, NER '09. 2009. p. 18-21. 5109224 https://doi.org/10.1109/NER.2009.5109224
Yen, Sheng Feng ; Schoonover, Daniel ; Sanchez, Justin C. ; Principe, Jose C. ; Harris, John G. / Differential EEG. 2009 4th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering, NER '09. 2009. pp. 18-21
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