Differential changes in TGF-β/BMP signaling pathway in the right ventricular myocardium of newborns with hypoplastic left heart syndrome

Marco Ricci, Bhagyalaxmi Mohapatra, Arnel Urbiztondo, Rhea J. Birusingh, Micaela Morgado, Maria Rodriguez, Joy Lincoln, Matteo Vatta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is characterized by underdevelopment of the left ventricle (LV) and increased biomechanical stress on the right ventricle (RV) from single ventricle physiology. Despite the clinical significance, the signaling pathways active during RV remodeling and disease progression are not known. To address this, we examined differential changes in expression of genes associated with transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)/bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling in RV tissue isolated from HLHS patients relative to RV and LV tissue from control subjects. Methods and Results: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to detect changes in expression of 84 genes involved in TGF-β/BMP-mediated cardiac development, cell growth, and differentiation in RV tissue collected from 6 neonates with HLHS undergoing stage 1 Norwood procedure (age, 1-7 days; mean, 4 days) and RV and LV tissue obtained from 5 infants with noncardiac pathology (age range, 1-135 days: mean, 85 days) that served as controls. Analysis of gene expression profiles between control-LV and control-RV revealed significant depression of TGF-β/BMP signaling in RV compared with LV. Of the 84 genes analyzed, 38 were differentially expressed between HLHS-RV and control-RV, whereas only 22 compared with control-LV. Significant changes were observed in: tissue remodeling genes including Activin receptor type IIA (ACVR2A) (+2.13) and Activin receptor-like kinase 1 (ACVRL1) (+2.22); and cell survival, growth, and differentiation genes including CDC25A (+2.18), p21 (-3.64), p15 (+2.15), BMP5 (+4.58), BMP3 (+2.16), GDF3 (+8.59), NODAL (+2.32), and BMP binding endothelial regulator (BMPER) (+4.58). The most significant changes common to HLHS-RV versus control-RV and control-LV sample groups is observed for Anti müllerian hormone receptor 2 (AMHR2) (+18.79 control-RV, +3.38 control-LV), and the BMP antagonist Inhibin alpha (INHA) (+11.47 control-RV, +5.73 control-LV). Conclusions: Although this descriptive study does not allow cause-effect inferences, our results suggest changes in cardiac development pathways and upregulation of genes associated with cell growth and differentiation in the neonatal RV of children with HLHS. These molecular profiles are more closely related to those observed in the normal LV rather than normal RV at similar maturational age. This work provides the basis for future mechanistic studies to elucidate the molecular mechanisms regulating RV remodeling in HLHS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)628-634
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cardiac Failure
Volume16
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2010

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Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome
Bone Morphogenetic Proteins
Transforming Growth Factors
Heart Ventricles
Myocardium
Newborn Infant
Cell Differentiation
Ventricular Remodeling

Keywords

  • gene expression
  • heart failure
  • Hypoplastic left heart

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Differential changes in TGF-β/BMP signaling pathway in the right ventricular myocardium of newborns with hypoplastic left heart syndrome. / Ricci, Marco; Mohapatra, Bhagyalaxmi; Urbiztondo, Arnel; Birusingh, Rhea J.; Morgado, Micaela; Rodriguez, Maria; Lincoln, Joy; Vatta, Matteo.

In: Journal of Cardiac Failure, Vol. 16, No. 8, 01.08.2010, p. 628-634.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ricci, M, Mohapatra, B, Urbiztondo, A, Birusingh, RJ, Morgado, M, Rodriguez, M, Lincoln, J & Vatta, M 2010, 'Differential changes in TGF-β/BMP signaling pathway in the right ventricular myocardium of newborns with hypoplastic left heart syndrome', Journal of Cardiac Failure, vol. 16, no. 8, pp. 628-634. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cardfail.2010.03.007
Ricci, Marco ; Mohapatra, Bhagyalaxmi ; Urbiztondo, Arnel ; Birusingh, Rhea J. ; Morgado, Micaela ; Rodriguez, Maria ; Lincoln, Joy ; Vatta, Matteo. / Differential changes in TGF-β/BMP signaling pathway in the right ventricular myocardium of newborns with hypoplastic left heart syndrome. In: Journal of Cardiac Failure. 2010 ; Vol. 16, No. 8. pp. 628-634.
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title = "Differential changes in TGF-β/BMP signaling pathway in the right ventricular myocardium of newborns with hypoplastic left heart syndrome",
abstract = "Background: Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is characterized by underdevelopment of the left ventricle (LV) and increased biomechanical stress on the right ventricle (RV) from single ventricle physiology. Despite the clinical significance, the signaling pathways active during RV remodeling and disease progression are not known. To address this, we examined differential changes in expression of genes associated with transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)/bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling in RV tissue isolated from HLHS patients relative to RV and LV tissue from control subjects. Methods and Results: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to detect changes in expression of 84 genes involved in TGF-β/BMP-mediated cardiac development, cell growth, and differentiation in RV tissue collected from 6 neonates with HLHS undergoing stage 1 Norwood procedure (age, 1-7 days; mean, 4 days) and RV and LV tissue obtained from 5 infants with noncardiac pathology (age range, 1-135 days: mean, 85 days) that served as controls. Analysis of gene expression profiles between control-LV and control-RV revealed significant depression of TGF-β/BMP signaling in RV compared with LV. Of the 84 genes analyzed, 38 were differentially expressed between HLHS-RV and control-RV, whereas only 22 compared with control-LV. Significant changes were observed in: tissue remodeling genes including Activin receptor type IIA (ACVR2A) (+2.13) and Activin receptor-like kinase 1 (ACVRL1) (+2.22); and cell survival, growth, and differentiation genes including CDC25A (+2.18), p21 (-3.64), p15 (+2.15), BMP5 (+4.58), BMP3 (+2.16), GDF3 (+8.59), NODAL (+2.32), and BMP binding endothelial regulator (BMPER) (+4.58). The most significant changes common to HLHS-RV versus control-RV and control-LV sample groups is observed for Anti m{\"u}llerian hormone receptor 2 (AMHR2) (+18.79 control-RV, +3.38 control-LV), and the BMP antagonist Inhibin alpha (INHA) (+11.47 control-RV, +5.73 control-LV). Conclusions: Although this descriptive study does not allow cause-effect inferences, our results suggest changes in cardiac development pathways and upregulation of genes associated with cell growth and differentiation in the neonatal RV of children with HLHS. These molecular profiles are more closely related to those observed in the normal LV rather than normal RV at similar maturational age. This work provides the basis for future mechanistic studies to elucidate the molecular mechanisms regulating RV remodeling in HLHS.",
keywords = "gene expression, heart failure, Hypoplastic left heart",
author = "Marco Ricci and Bhagyalaxmi Mohapatra and Arnel Urbiztondo and Birusingh, {Rhea J.} and Micaela Morgado and Maria Rodriguez and Joy Lincoln and Matteo Vatta",
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T1 - Differential changes in TGF-β/BMP signaling pathway in the right ventricular myocardium of newborns with hypoplastic left heart syndrome

AU - Ricci, Marco

AU - Mohapatra, Bhagyalaxmi

AU - Urbiztondo, Arnel

AU - Birusingh, Rhea J.

AU - Morgado, Micaela

AU - Rodriguez, Maria

AU - Lincoln, Joy

AU - Vatta, Matteo

PY - 2010/8/1

Y1 - 2010/8/1

N2 - Background: Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is characterized by underdevelopment of the left ventricle (LV) and increased biomechanical stress on the right ventricle (RV) from single ventricle physiology. Despite the clinical significance, the signaling pathways active during RV remodeling and disease progression are not known. To address this, we examined differential changes in expression of genes associated with transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)/bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling in RV tissue isolated from HLHS patients relative to RV and LV tissue from control subjects. Methods and Results: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to detect changes in expression of 84 genes involved in TGF-β/BMP-mediated cardiac development, cell growth, and differentiation in RV tissue collected from 6 neonates with HLHS undergoing stage 1 Norwood procedure (age, 1-7 days; mean, 4 days) and RV and LV tissue obtained from 5 infants with noncardiac pathology (age range, 1-135 days: mean, 85 days) that served as controls. Analysis of gene expression profiles between control-LV and control-RV revealed significant depression of TGF-β/BMP signaling in RV compared with LV. Of the 84 genes analyzed, 38 were differentially expressed between HLHS-RV and control-RV, whereas only 22 compared with control-LV. Significant changes were observed in: tissue remodeling genes including Activin receptor type IIA (ACVR2A) (+2.13) and Activin receptor-like kinase 1 (ACVRL1) (+2.22); and cell survival, growth, and differentiation genes including CDC25A (+2.18), p21 (-3.64), p15 (+2.15), BMP5 (+4.58), BMP3 (+2.16), GDF3 (+8.59), NODAL (+2.32), and BMP binding endothelial regulator (BMPER) (+4.58). The most significant changes common to HLHS-RV versus control-RV and control-LV sample groups is observed for Anti müllerian hormone receptor 2 (AMHR2) (+18.79 control-RV, +3.38 control-LV), and the BMP antagonist Inhibin alpha (INHA) (+11.47 control-RV, +5.73 control-LV). Conclusions: Although this descriptive study does not allow cause-effect inferences, our results suggest changes in cardiac development pathways and upregulation of genes associated with cell growth and differentiation in the neonatal RV of children with HLHS. These molecular profiles are more closely related to those observed in the normal LV rather than normal RV at similar maturational age. This work provides the basis for future mechanistic studies to elucidate the molecular mechanisms regulating RV remodeling in HLHS.

AB - Background: Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is characterized by underdevelopment of the left ventricle (LV) and increased biomechanical stress on the right ventricle (RV) from single ventricle physiology. Despite the clinical significance, the signaling pathways active during RV remodeling and disease progression are not known. To address this, we examined differential changes in expression of genes associated with transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)/bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling in RV tissue isolated from HLHS patients relative to RV and LV tissue from control subjects. Methods and Results: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to detect changes in expression of 84 genes involved in TGF-β/BMP-mediated cardiac development, cell growth, and differentiation in RV tissue collected from 6 neonates with HLHS undergoing stage 1 Norwood procedure (age, 1-7 days; mean, 4 days) and RV and LV tissue obtained from 5 infants with noncardiac pathology (age range, 1-135 days: mean, 85 days) that served as controls. Analysis of gene expression profiles between control-LV and control-RV revealed significant depression of TGF-β/BMP signaling in RV compared with LV. Of the 84 genes analyzed, 38 were differentially expressed between HLHS-RV and control-RV, whereas only 22 compared with control-LV. Significant changes were observed in: tissue remodeling genes including Activin receptor type IIA (ACVR2A) (+2.13) and Activin receptor-like kinase 1 (ACVRL1) (+2.22); and cell survival, growth, and differentiation genes including CDC25A (+2.18), p21 (-3.64), p15 (+2.15), BMP5 (+4.58), BMP3 (+2.16), GDF3 (+8.59), NODAL (+2.32), and BMP binding endothelial regulator (BMPER) (+4.58). The most significant changes common to HLHS-RV versus control-RV and control-LV sample groups is observed for Anti müllerian hormone receptor 2 (AMHR2) (+18.79 control-RV, +3.38 control-LV), and the BMP antagonist Inhibin alpha (INHA) (+11.47 control-RV, +5.73 control-LV). Conclusions: Although this descriptive study does not allow cause-effect inferences, our results suggest changes in cardiac development pathways and upregulation of genes associated with cell growth and differentiation in the neonatal RV of children with HLHS. These molecular profiles are more closely related to those observed in the normal LV rather than normal RV at similar maturational age. This work provides the basis for future mechanistic studies to elucidate the molecular mechanisms regulating RV remodeling in HLHS.

KW - gene expression

KW - heart failure

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