Forty-two cases of inverting papilloma of the nose and paranasal sinuses were reviewed from 1972 to 1989. Forty-one patients underwent surgical excision. Of those patients followed up for at least 6 months, lateral rhinotomy was performed in 14 patients and midfacial degloving in 9 patients. The recurrence rates were 29% and 22%, respectively. The other 10 patients underwent excision through an external ethmoidectomy, Caldwell-Luc operation, or intranasal approach. There were five patients (12%) diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma associated with inverting papilloma. The correlation of malignancy with proptosis, visual changes, infraorbital hypesthesia, and skull base involvement on presenting symptomatology is noted. Inverting papilloma is a benign neoplastic lesion that shows variable aggressiveness. A computed tomography (CT) scan evaluation is very important for the work-up. An aggressive wide surgical excision is best performed through an open approach. The approach for surgical removal should be based on the location and extension of the lesion. A graduating approach from a lesser to a more major excision is advocated even though a risk exists of having to reoperate in about one fifth of the patients who experience a recurrence. A secondary surgical excision, even with craniofacial resection, is essential to eradicate disease in cases of recurrence. Close follow-up is necessary. Further surgery may be indicated. Postoperative radiation therapy is recommended if malignancy is indeed present.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Mar 1992|
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