Due to the high affinity of new inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) towards the glucocorticoid receptor (GR), and because of the similarities between the binding domains of the GR and the progesterone receptor (PR), the present study focused on assessing the relative binding affinities (RBA) of glucocorticoids (systemic and ICS) to PR (RBAPR). By comparison with the affinities towards the GR (RBAGR) the binding selectivities were also assessed. In general, the selectivity of the investigated glucocorticoids showed a decreasing trend with increasing lipophilicity. When orally administered, less lipophilic glucocorticoids showed the highest selectivity, with RBAGR/RBAPR ratios of 1,375, 760 and 476 for betamethasone, beclomethasone and dexamethasone, respectively. For ICS, mometasone furoate, the most lipophilic steroid, was the least selective (1.1), followed by beclomethasone monopropionate (9), fluticasone propionate (12), triamcinolone acetonide (18), mometasone (25) and budesonide (44), which shows the highest selectivity among inhaled glucocorticoids. In conclusion, the present study revealed that there are differences in selectivity among commercially available glucocorticoids. Future clinical studies are needed to investigate whether the high affinity of some of the investigated glucocorticoids to the progesterone receptor is of clinical relevance.
- Glucocorticoid receptor
- Inhalation therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine