Differences between Latino individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder and those with other anxiety disorders

Carlos Perez Benitez, Nicholas J. Sibrava, Caron Zlotnick, Risa Weisberg, Martin B. Keller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The goal of this study was to examine differences between Latino individuals with anxiety disorder diagnoses that include posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and those with anxiety disorders without PTSD, in regards to comorbidity, psychosocial impairment, physical functioning, and treatment participation. The sample consisted of 150 adult Latinos participating in the Harvard/Brown Anxiety Research Project-Phase-II (HARP-II). Participants had at least one of the anxiety disorders included in the study (generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder with and without agoraphobia, social phobia, and/or PTSD). Forty-five (30%) participants had PTSD which was lower than rates of generalized anxiety disorder (n = 90, 60%), social anxiety (n = 86, 57.3%), and panic disorder with agoraphobia (n = 83, 55.3%), and higher than panic disorder without agoraphobia, (n = 10, 6.6%). Those with PTSD compared with those with other anxiety disorders had a statistically significant higher number of comorbid Axis I diagnoses, higher rates of psychiatric hospitalizations, and poorer overall social adjustment than participants with other anxiety disorders. Clinical implications for assessment and treatment planning of Latino individuals with anxiety disorders are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)345-352
Number of pages8
JournalPsychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Anxiety Disorders
Hispanic Americans
Agoraphobia
Panic Disorder
Anxiety
Social Adjustment
Psychiatry
Comorbidity
Hospitalization
Therapeutics
Research

Keywords

  • anxiety disorders
  • comorbidity
  • Hispanics
  • Latinos
  • posttraumatic stress disorder
  • social adjustment
  • trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Differences between Latino individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder and those with other anxiety disorders. / Perez Benitez, Carlos; Sibrava, Nicholas J.; Zlotnick, Caron; Weisberg, Risa; Keller, Martin B.

In: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, Vol. 6, No. 4, 01.01.2014, p. 345-352.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Perez Benitez, Carlos ; Sibrava, Nicholas J. ; Zlotnick, Caron ; Weisberg, Risa ; Keller, Martin B. / Differences between Latino individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder and those with other anxiety disorders. In: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy. 2014 ; Vol. 6, No. 4. pp. 345-352.
@article{9640d26adc4e41acb9c35b4f8d013afd,
title = "Differences between Latino individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder and those with other anxiety disorders",
abstract = "The goal of this study was to examine differences between Latino individuals with anxiety disorder diagnoses that include posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and those with anxiety disorders without PTSD, in regards to comorbidity, psychosocial impairment, physical functioning, and treatment participation. The sample consisted of 150 adult Latinos participating in the Harvard/Brown Anxiety Research Project-Phase-II (HARP-II). Participants had at least one of the anxiety disorders included in the study (generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder with and without agoraphobia, social phobia, and/or PTSD). Forty-five (30{\%}) participants had PTSD which was lower than rates of generalized anxiety disorder (n = 90, 60{\%}), social anxiety (n = 86, 57.3{\%}), and panic disorder with agoraphobia (n = 83, 55.3{\%}), and higher than panic disorder without agoraphobia, (n = 10, 6.6{\%}). Those with PTSD compared with those with other anxiety disorders had a statistically significant higher number of comorbid Axis I diagnoses, higher rates of psychiatric hospitalizations, and poorer overall social adjustment than participants with other anxiety disorders. Clinical implications for assessment and treatment planning of Latino individuals with anxiety disorders are discussed.",
keywords = "anxiety disorders, comorbidity, Hispanics, Latinos, posttraumatic stress disorder, social adjustment, trauma",
author = "{Perez Benitez}, Carlos and Sibrava, {Nicholas J.} and Caron Zlotnick and Risa Weisberg and Keller, {Martin B.}",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/a0034328",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "345--352",
journal = "Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy",
issn = "1942-9681",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Differences between Latino individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder and those with other anxiety disorders

AU - Perez Benitez, Carlos

AU - Sibrava, Nicholas J.

AU - Zlotnick, Caron

AU - Weisberg, Risa

AU - Keller, Martin B.

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - The goal of this study was to examine differences between Latino individuals with anxiety disorder diagnoses that include posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and those with anxiety disorders without PTSD, in regards to comorbidity, psychosocial impairment, physical functioning, and treatment participation. The sample consisted of 150 adult Latinos participating in the Harvard/Brown Anxiety Research Project-Phase-II (HARP-II). Participants had at least one of the anxiety disorders included in the study (generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder with and without agoraphobia, social phobia, and/or PTSD). Forty-five (30%) participants had PTSD which was lower than rates of generalized anxiety disorder (n = 90, 60%), social anxiety (n = 86, 57.3%), and panic disorder with agoraphobia (n = 83, 55.3%), and higher than panic disorder without agoraphobia, (n = 10, 6.6%). Those with PTSD compared with those with other anxiety disorders had a statistically significant higher number of comorbid Axis I diagnoses, higher rates of psychiatric hospitalizations, and poorer overall social adjustment than participants with other anxiety disorders. Clinical implications for assessment and treatment planning of Latino individuals with anxiety disorders are discussed.

AB - The goal of this study was to examine differences between Latino individuals with anxiety disorder diagnoses that include posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and those with anxiety disorders without PTSD, in regards to comorbidity, psychosocial impairment, physical functioning, and treatment participation. The sample consisted of 150 adult Latinos participating in the Harvard/Brown Anxiety Research Project-Phase-II (HARP-II). Participants had at least one of the anxiety disorders included in the study (generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder with and without agoraphobia, social phobia, and/or PTSD). Forty-five (30%) participants had PTSD which was lower than rates of generalized anxiety disorder (n = 90, 60%), social anxiety (n = 86, 57.3%), and panic disorder with agoraphobia (n = 83, 55.3%), and higher than panic disorder without agoraphobia, (n = 10, 6.6%). Those with PTSD compared with those with other anxiety disorders had a statistically significant higher number of comorbid Axis I diagnoses, higher rates of psychiatric hospitalizations, and poorer overall social adjustment than participants with other anxiety disorders. Clinical implications for assessment and treatment planning of Latino individuals with anxiety disorders are discussed.

KW - anxiety disorders

KW - comorbidity

KW - Hispanics

KW - Latinos

KW - posttraumatic stress disorder

KW - social adjustment

KW - trauma

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84904397897&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84904397897&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/a0034328

DO - 10.1037/a0034328

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84904397897

VL - 6

SP - 345

EP - 352

JO - Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy

JF - Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy

SN - 1942-9681

IS - 4

ER -