Dietary Skills and Adherence in Children With Type I Diabetes Mellitus

Alan M. Delamater, Jeffrey A. Smith, Steven M. Kurtz, Neil H. White

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study was designed to objectively measure dietary skills of diabetic children and their mothers and to assess dietary adherence in specific situations. Subjects were 34 children with Type I diabetes mellitus and their mothers. Recall of diet prescriptions and performance on skills tests averaged around 50% for both children and mothers. Adherence problems were most frequent during afternoon snack, while at school, with friends, and at restaurants. Significant relationships between glycosylated hemoglobin values and adherence at school and with friends were observed. Older children had more adherence problems with afternoon snack, while alone, and while with parents. Dietary skills were unrelated to adherence. These findings demonstrate that children with diabetes and their mothers have substantial dietary skills deficits and situationally related dietary adherence problems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-36
Number of pages4
JournalThe Diabetes educator
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1988
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)

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