Diastolic Blood Pressure Is Associated with Regional White Matter Lesion Load: The Northern Manhattan Study

Michelle R. Caunca, Marialaura Simonetto, Ying Kuen Cheung, Noam Alperin, Sang H. Lee, Mitchell S.V. Elkind, Ralph L. Sacco, Tatjana Rundek, Clinton B. Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and Purpose-Few studies have examined the separate contributions of systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressures (DBP) on subclinical cerebrovascular disease, especially using the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Blood Pressure Guidelines. Furthermore, associations with region-specific white matter hyperintensity volume (WMHV) are underexplored. Methods-Using data from the NOMAS (Northern Manhattan Study), a prospective cohort study of stroke risk and cognitive aging, we examined associations between systolic blood pressure and DBP, defined by the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines, with regional WMHV. We used a linear mixed model approach to account for the correlated nature of regional brain measures. Results-The analytic sample (N=1205; mean age 64±8 years) consisted of 61% women and 66% Hispanics/Latinos. DBP levels were significantly related to WMHV differentially across regions (P for interaction<0.05). Relative to those with DBP 90+ mm Hg, participants with DBP <80 mm Hg had 13% lower WMHV in the frontal lobe (95% CI,-21% to-3%), 11% lower WMHV in the parietal lobe (95% CI,-19% to-1%), 22% lower WMHV in the anterior periventricular region (95% CI,-30% to-14%), and 16% lower WMHV in the posterior periventricular region (95% CI,-24% to-6%). Participants with DBP 80 to 89 mm Hg also exhibited about 12% (95% CI,-20% to-3%) lower WMHV in the anterior periventricular region and 9% (95% CI,-18% to-0.4%) lower WMHV in the posterior periventricular region, relative to participants with DBP 90≥ mm Hg. Post hoc pairwise t tests showed that estimates for periventricular WMHV were significantly different from estimates for temporal WMHV (Holms stepdown-adjusted P<0.05). Systolic blood pressure was not strongly related to regional WMHV. Conclusions-Lower DBP levels, defined by the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines, were related to lower white matter lesion load, especially in the periventricular regions relative to the temporal region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)372-378
Number of pages7
JournalStroke
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2020

Keywords

  • American Heart Association
  • blood pressure
  • cerebrovascular disease
  • cognitive aging
  • white matter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Diastolic Blood Pressure Is Associated with Regional White Matter Lesion Load: The Northern Manhattan Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this