Diagnosis of intraocular lymphoma

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


Purpose: To review current techniques for the diagnosis of intraocular lymphoma. Methods: Literature review. Results: There are a limited number of small case series and case reports reporting the diagnosis of intraocular lymphoma. Limitations in the ability to diagnose lymphoma through cytologic examination of the vitreous has led to investigations into immunohistochemistry either manually or by automated cytofluorography, intraocular cytokine determinations, and polymerase chain reaction of the vitreous or tissue lymphoid cells to detect gene rearrangements in the IgH, bcl-2, or T-cell receptor gamma gene. Data regarding diagnostic efficiency of the various testing strategies is limited by small patient numbers. Careful handling of the vitreous specimen and adequate laboratory and pathological support is critical. Conclusions: Despite a proliferation of new techniques for the diagnosis of intraocular lymphoma, none is clearly superior. Use of multiple testing strategies may improve diagnostic yield.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-16
Number of pages10
JournalOcular Immunology and Inflammation
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2004


  • Cytology
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Interleukin-10
  • Lymphoma
  • Polymerase chain reaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Immunology and Allergy


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