Dexamethasone (DXM)-Coated Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) Microneedles as an Improved Drug Delivery System for Intracochlear Biodegradable Devices

Devon C. Pawley, Stefania Goncalves, Esperanza Bas, Emre Dikici, Sapna K. Deo, Sylvia Daunert, Fred Telischi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Uniform drug delivery techniques are challenging to develop for the inner ear due to the complexity of the cochlear anatomy. A promising solution is the use of biodegradable polymers because the continuous release of therapeutics without introducing toxic compounds is desirable. Using a microneedle approach lends the polymeric microneedle the capability to be placed inside of the scala tympani, releasing drugs overtime. Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microneedles is prepared by dissolving dimethyl sulfoxide with either a) Rhodamine B, to study the drug release profile in vitro, b) FM1-43, to study the drug release profile in vivo, or c) dexamethasone (DXM), to protect hair cell (HC) loss in vivo. The Rhodamine B studies show that the dye begins release from the microneedles within 30 min. The ototoxicity assessment of the DXM-coated microneedles in vitro shows a significant reduction of HC losses when compared to control microneedles in an ototoxic environment. In vivo data show reduced hearing threshold for animals treated with DXM-infused microneedles, providing a proof of concept of the methodology developed. Drug-infused polymeric microneedles provide a promising method to deliver DXM to the inner ear over controlled periods of time protecting hair cells, thus minimizing hearing loss (HL).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2100155
JournalAdvanced Therapeutics
Volume4
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2021

Keywords

  • cochlear implantation
  • drug delivery technology
  • microneedle
  • poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)
  • rat model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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