Developmental Outcomes of Extremely Preterm Infants with a Need for Child Protective Services Supervision

Elisabeth C. McGowan, Abbot R. Laptook, Jean Lowe, Myriam Peralta-Carcelen, Dhuly Chowdhury, Rosemary D. Higgins, Susan R. Hintz, Betty R. Vohr, Richard A. Polin, Abbott R. Laptook, Martin Keszler, Angelita M. Hensman, Barbara Alksninis, Kristin M. Basso, Robert Burke, Melinda Caskey, Katharine Johnson, Mary Lenore Keszler, Andrea M. Knoll, Theresa M. LeachEmilee Little, Elisabeth C. McGowan, Elisa Vieira, Victoria E. Watson, Suzy Ventura, Michele C. Walsh, Avroy A. Fanaroff, Anna Marie Hibbs, Deanne E. Wilson-Costello, Nancy S. Newman, Allison H. Payne, Bonnie S. Siner, Monika Bhola, Gulgun Yalcinkaya, Harriet G. Friedman, William E. Truog, Eugenia K. Pallotto, Howard W. Kilbride, Cheri Gauldin, Anne Holmes, Kathy Johnson, Allison Knutson, Kurt Schibler, Edward F. Donovan, Cathy Grisby, Kate Bridges, Barbara Alexander, Estelle E. Fischer, Holly L. Mincey, Jody Hessling, Teresa L. Gratton, Lenora Jackson, Kristin Kirker, Greg Muthig, Jean J. Steichen, Stacey Tepe, Kimberly Yolton, Ronald N. Goldberg, C. Michael Cotten, Ricki F. Goldstein, Patricia L. Ashley, William F. Malcolm, Kathy J. Auten, Kimberley A. Fisher, Sandra Grimes, Kathryn E. Gustafson, Melody B. Lohmeyer, Joanne Finkle, Matthew M. Laughon, Carl L. Bose, Janice Bernhardt, Gennie Bose, Cindy Clark, Linda Manor, Diane Warner, Janice Wereszczak, David P. Carlton, Barbara J. Stoll, Ira Adams-Chapman, Ellen C. Hale, Yvonne Loggins, Stephanie Wilson Archer, Gregory M. Sokol, Brenda B. Poindexter, Anna M. Dusick, Lu Ann Papile, Susan Gunn, Faithe Hamer, Dianne E. Herron, Abbey C. Hines, Carolyn Lytle, Heike M. Minnich, Lucy Smiley, Leslie Dawn Wilson, Pablo J. Sanchez, Leif D. Nelin, Sudarshan R. Jadcherla, Patricia Luzader, Christine A. Fortney, Gail E. Besner, Nehal A. Parikh, Abhik Das, Dennis Wallace, Marie G. Gantz, W. Kenneth Poole, Jamie E. Newman, Jeanette O'Donnell Auman, Margaret M. Crawford, Carolyn M. Petrie Huitema, Kristin M. Zaterka-Baxter, Krisa P. Van Meurs, David K. Stevenson, Susan R. Hintz, M. Bethany Ball, Alexis S. Davis, Andrew W. Palmquist, Melinda S. Proud, Barbara Bentley, Elizabeth Bruno, Maria Elena DeAnda, Anne M. DeBattista, Beth Earhart, Lynne C. Huffman, Jean G. Kohn, Casey Krueger, Hali E. Weiss, Ivan D. Frantz, John M. Fiascone, Brenda L. MacKinnon, Anne Furey, Ellen Nylen, Elisabeth C. McGowan, Waldemar A. Carlo, Namasivayam Ambalavanan, Myriam Peralta-Carcelen, Monica V. Collins, Shirley S. Cosby, Fred J. Biasini, Kristen C. Johnston, Kathleen G. Nelson, Cryshelle S. Patterson, Vivien A. Phillips, Sally Whitley, Uday Devaskar, Meena Garg, Isabell B. Purdy, Teresa Chanlaw, Rachel Geller, Neil N. Finer, Yvonne E. Vaucher, David Kaegi, Maynard R. Rasmussen, Kathy Arnell, Clarence Demetrio, Martha G. Fuller, Wade Rich, Edward F. Bell, Tarah T. Colaizy, Michael J. Acarregui, Dan L. Ellsbury, John A. Widness, Karen J. Johnson, Donia B. Campbell, Diane L. Eastman, Jacky R. Walker, Jane E. Brumbaugh, Shahnaz Duara, Charles R. Bauer, Ruth Everett-Thomas, Sylvia Fajardo-Hiriart, Arielle Rigaud, Maria Calejo, Silvia M. Frade Eguaras, Michelle Harwood Berkowits, Andrea Garcia, Helina Pierre, Alexandra Stoerger, Kristi L. Watterberg, Jean R. Lowe, Janell F. Fuller, Robin K. Ohls, Conra Backstrom Lacy, Andrea F. Duncan, Rebecca Montman, Barbara Schmidt, Haresh Kirpalani, Sara B. DeMauro, Aasma S. Chaudhary, Soraya Abbasi, Toni Mancini, Dara M. Cucinotta, Judy C. Bernbaum, Marsha Gerdes, Hallam Hurt, Carl T. D'Angio, Dale L. Phelps, Ronnie Guillet, Satyan Lakshminrusimha, Julie Babish Johnson, Linda J. Reubens, Cassandra A. Horihan, Diane Hust, Rosemary L. Jensen, Emily Kushner, Joan Merzbach, Gary J. Myers, Mary Rowan, Holly I.M. Wadkins, Melissa Bowman, Julianne Hunn, Stephanie Guilford, Deanna Maffett, Farooq Osman, Diane Prinzing, Anne Marie Reynolds, Mary Rowan, Michael G. Sacilowski, Ashley Williams, Karen Wynn, Kelley Yost, William Zorn, Lauren Zwetsch, Kathleen A. Kennedy, Jon E. Tyson, Georgia E. McDavid, Nora I. Alaniz, Julie Arldt-McAlister, Katrina Burson, Patricia W. Evans, Andrea F. Duncan, Carmen Garcia, Charles Green, Beverly Foley Harris, Margarita Jiminez, Janice John, Patrick M. Jones, Layne M. Lillie, Anna E. Lis, Karen Martin, Sara C. Martin, Brenda H. Morris, M. Layne Poundstone, Peggy Robichaux, Shawna Rodgers, Saba Siddiki, Maegan C. Simmons, Daniel Sperry, Patti L. Pierce Tate, Sharon L. Wright, Myra H. Wyckoff, Luc P. Brion, Roy J. Heyne, Walid A. Salhab, Charles R. Rosenfeld, Diana M. Vasil, Lijun Chen, Alicia Guzman, Gaynelle Hensley, Melissa H. Leps, Nancy A. Miller, Janet S. Morgan, Sally S. Adams, Catherine Twell Boatman, Elizabeth T. Heyne, Linda A. Madden, Lizette E. Torres, Roger G. Faix, Bradley A. Yoder, Karen A. Osborne, Cynthia Spencer, Kimberlee Weaver-Lewis, Shawna Baker, Karie Bird, Jill Burnett, Michael Steffen, Jennifer J. Jensen, Sarah Winter, Karen Zanetti, T. Michael O'Shea, Robert G. Dillard, Lisa K. Washburn, Barbara G. Jackson, Nancy Peters, Korinne Chiu, Deborah Evans Allred, Donald J. Goldstein, Raquel Halfond, Carroll Peterson, Ellen L. Waldrep, Cherrie D. Welch, Melissa Whalen Morris, Gail Wiley Hounshell, Seetha Shankaran, Athina Pappas, John Barks, Rebecca Bara, Laura A. Goldston, Girija Natarajan, Mary Christensen, Stephanie A. Wiggins, Diane White, Richard A. Ehrenkranz, Harris Jacobs, Christine G. Butler, Patricia Cervone, Sheila Greisman, Monica Konstantino, Jo Ann Poulsen, Janet Taft, Joanne Williams, Elaine Romano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate neurodevelopmental outcomes of preterm infants with need for Child Protective Services (CPS) supervision at hospital discharge compared with those discharged without CPS supervision. Study design: For infants born at <27 weeks of gestation between 2006 and 2013, prospectively collected maternal and neonatal characteristics and 18- to 26-month corrected age follow-up data were analyzed. Bayley-III cognitive and language scores of infants with discharge CPS supervision were compared with infants without CPS supervision using regression analysis while adjusting for potentially confounding variables, including entering CPS after discharge from the hospital. Results: Of the 4517 preterm infants discharged between 2006 and 2013, 255 (5.6%) were discharged with a need for CPS supervision. Mothers of infants with CPS supervision were significantly more likely to be younger, single, and gravida ≥3; to have less than a high school education; and to have a singleton pregnancy and less likely to have received prenatal care or antenatal steroids. Despite similar birth weight and medical morbidities, the CPS group had longer hospital stays compared with the non-CPS group. In adjusted analysis, cognitive scores were points lower (B = −1.94; 95% CI, −3.88 to −0.08; P = .04) in the CPS at discharge group compared with the non-CPS group. In children who entered CPS supervision after hospital discharge (an additional 106 infants), cognitive scores were 4 points lower (β = −4.76; 95% CI, −7.47 to −2.05; P < .001) and language scores were 5 points lower (β = −4.93; 95% CI, −8.00 to −1.86; P = .002). Conclusion: Extremely preterm infants discharged from the hospital with CPS supervision or entering CPS postdischarge are at increased risk for cognitive delay at 2 years of age. Opportunities exist to intervene and potentially improve outcomes in this vulnerable group of children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-49.e4
JournalJournal of Pediatrics
Volume215
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2019

Keywords

  • behavior
  • cognitive and language outcome
  • foster care
  • growth
  • preterm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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    McGowan, E. C., Laptook, A. R., Lowe, J., Peralta-Carcelen, M., Chowdhury, D., Higgins, R. D., Hintz, S. R., Vohr, B. R., Polin, R. A., Laptook, A. R., Keszler, M., Hensman, A. M., Alksninis, B., Basso, K. M., Burke, R., Caskey, M., Johnson, K., Keszler, M. L., Knoll, A. M., ... Romano, E. (2019). Developmental Outcomes of Extremely Preterm Infants with a Need for Child Protective Services Supervision. Journal of Pediatrics, 215, 41-49.e4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2019.07.063