Developmental Assessment with Young Children: A Systematic Review of Battelle Studies

Ana C.B. Cunha, Michelle D. Berkovits, Karolina A. Albuquerque

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Developmental assessment scales are important tools for determining developmental delays and planning preventive interventions. One broad assessment scale used to evaluate child development is the Battelle Developmental Inventories (BDIs). The BDI-2 has a standardized version in English with good psychometric properties and a translated version in Spanish; however, despite widespread clinical use, there has been limited early childhood development research focused on this assessment tool in the past 10 years. The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the literature about the BDIs and their screening test and analyze their use for child assessment. Seven databases were used to retrieve articles in English, Portuguese, and Spanish. Overall, 34 articles were evaluated for general features, salient findings, and key methodological issues, such as target population, objectives, research design, and main results. Authors' considerations about the psychometric properties and utility of the BDIs were also examined. Results indicated that 41.17% of studies with the BDIs were from the United States, and the most common target population was children with autism spectrum disorders. Generally, the articles highlighted the broad applications of this measure and robust psychometric properties cited in the BDIs examiner's manual as reasons for their use. This review suggests that it is important to conduct independent analyses of the psychometric properties of the BDIs as well as validation studies to ensure appropriate applications of the BDI, including for use with non-American populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-90
Number of pages22
JournalInfants and Young Children
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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